Baltimore Fun Facts

Saturday, 10 October 2020 22:36 Written by

A list of known firsts that occurred right here in Baltimore. 

Departmental

Thursday, 23 April 2020 02:42 Written by

EVER EVER EVER Motto Divder

Baltimore City Police
Departmentals


'CRASH SQUAD' CARS ARRIVE FOR POLICE

2 February 1938

The Sun (1837-1989); Feb 2, 1938; pg. 7

'CRASH SQUAD' CARS!

Arrive for Police!

New Autos, To Probe All Accidents,

To Go Into Service When Equipped

Crews Will Test Brakes of Machines Involved and Photograph Scene Three automobiles for the "crash squad" of the Police Deportment have arrived and will be placed in service as soon as they are equipped, Capt. Henry C. Kaste, head of the Traffic Division, announced yesterday. The machines will investigate all automobile accidents and will have decelerometers for testing the brakes of cars involved in crashes, as well as photographic equipment for recording the actual conditions after the accident

Two-Way Radios

They will have two-way radios, sirens and blinking red lights to enable them to get to the scene before the positions of the cars have been altered. The crews, graduates of the University of Maryland's Traffic School, will render aid to the injured and will reroute all traffic until the conditions have been photographed and measured.

Officials hope to relieve the foot patrolmen of responsibility for traffic accidents. Members of the "Crash Squad" will be given two days, A month in Traffic Court to handle their cases, and the new manner of collecting evidence is expected to result In more convictions, particularly in fatal accidents.

Squad Still Nameless

Serge. Clarence O. Forrester is head of the squad, which is still officially nameless. Other cities having similar departments have decided upon "Accident Investigation Department" for a title, and it is expected that this choice will be made here also.

The "crash squad" was organized alter a report from the Baltimore Safety Council in April, 1937, which recommended it as "a vital need for the securing of evidence." Coincident with the council's report, the grand jury urged the squad's creation as a means of reducing accident fatalities and injuries.

Nice Committee Calls Three Traffic Experts

Three traffic experts will appear before Governor Nice's automobile insurance committee at a meeting to be held at 8 P. M. Tuesday at the Emerson Hotel. They are: Dr. S. S. Stineberg, Dean of the College of Engineering of the University of Maryland, who is conducting the traffic school there. John P. Rostmeyer, director of the Baltimore Safety Council. Preston D. Callum, chairman of the Baltimore Traffic Committee. The committee was named by the Governor shortly after the first of the Year to make a study of automobile Insurance in the State, and to make Recommendations to him and the next General Assembly.

Members of the committee are:

George W. Baulk, chairman, and W. Harry Haller, of Frederick, representing - The insurance companies. John T. Shipway, of Flintstone; Jos. Eph S. Bigelow, of Annapolis, and J. Francis Rahlke, of Westminster, representing business men. Max Sokol, secretary, and Robert R. Carmen, representing the legal profession. The last Legislature passed a resolution calling for the appointment of the committee.

Devider

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Rice Joseph Robert newpaper article 1938 72Radio Policeman Hurt In 70-Mile an Hour chase Car Skids Crashes 

Into Speeder On Hanover Street A radio car patrolman is recovering today from serious injuries received when his scout car crashed into a machine on the Hanover street bridge during a seventy-miles an hour: chase after a speeding driver. The policeman, Robert Rice Thirty-eight, and Gardner Sparhawk, first block of Wheeler street, driver of the other machine, are under treatment in the South Baltimore General Hospital. 

CAR SKIDDED

Patrolman Rice said that he was alone in the radio car when he saw a car speeding past the intersection of Hanover street and Reedbird avenue. He gave chase and had nearly caught up with the car when his car skidded on the bridge and crashed into Sparhawk's machine. 

HEAD INJURIES

Patrolman Edward L. Sewyer had left the scout car a moment before the chase started. Had he been in the car, he probably would have been killed, for the right side of the car was demolished. Rice and Sparhawk received head wounds and the patrolman is also suffering from internal injuries. This is what happened to the scout car driven by Patrolman Robert Rice when it skidded into another machine on Hanover street bridge last night. Patrolman Rice was pursuing a speeding· motorist at 70 miles an hour. The patrolman was seriously injured. Photograph copyright, 1938, by The Baltimore New-Post. All Rights reserved. 

 

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Sunpaper pic

Baltimore police
sig 31 23 nov 201423 Nov 2014
12 O'Clock Boys
Three officers seriously wounded
Officer 'fighting for his life' after pursuit police said should have stopped

Baltimore police crash
Highway and Road Disasters
 
Police investigating pursuit called off that resulted in a crash that left an officer in grave condition
A patrol car chasing a moped Sunday resulted in a crash that seriously injured officers and the rider

One Baltimore police officer remained in grave condition Monday after the patrol car he was in slammed into a telephone pole Sunday afternoon after continuing a pursuit his commanding officer had called off.

A female officer, who also was in the car, remained in critical but stable condition with broken bones. The crash also involved the driver of a moped police said the officers had pursued, who was also injured and is hospitalized.

"One officer at this moment is fighting for his life at [Maryland] Shock Trauma [Center]," Baltimore police Deputy Commissioner Jerry Rodriguez said.

The crash occurred about 1 p.m. Sunday in Northwest Baltimore. The incident began after an officer saw a group of dirt bikers assembling in an alley, police said. Upon being spotted by police, the riders fled on their bikes, except one man who ran. The officer followed in his marked patrol car and saw the man hop on the back of a moped that stopped to pick him up.

Patrol officers in the area caught and lost sight of the pair on the scooter at various times, Rodriguez said. Spotting it, three officers in a patrol car gave chase, Rodriguez said. The scooter at that time was only carrying a driver.

Baltimore police have a strict policy that allows officers to pursue if the vehicles they are chasing carry suspects who pose immediate and serious threats to the public. Officers must get permission from a shift commander to pursue.

In this case, a sergeant told the three officers to discontinue the chase, Rodriguez said. Fifteen minutes later, officers called for paramedics, he said.

The patrol car had continued the pursuit and crashed into a telephone pole in the 2200 block of Kirk Ave. after the scooter made a hard turn into an alley, police said.

Rodriguez said police don't know why the officers disobeyed an order to stop.

"We want to know why," Rodriguez said. "We have more questions than answers, but we are attempting to get those answers."

Rodriguez said forensics investigators and members of police's CRASH team were called to retrace the moments preceding the crash. A police helicopter was also used to survey the crash site and map the route the pursuit had taken.

The third officer in the patrol car, a man, was not hurt. Rodriguez said investigators want to know why three police officers were in the patrol car. Marked cars are meant to carry no more than two officers.

While dirt bikes are illegal in the city, the moped was a licensed city vehicle, Rodriguez said. Fleeing police was the only violation the driver could be cited for, he added. No charges have been filed against the rider.

Baltimore police's Force Investigation Team, which reviews shootings and other serious incidents in which police force is used, is investigating.

Police did not release the name of the moped driver or the three officers, who Rodriguez said ranged in experience from a few years to about a decade on the job.

Police said the dirt bikers had assembled in the alley to attend a large motorcycle rally that was held a few hours later.

Scores of dirt bikers and spectators took to the streets around Druid Hill Park on Sunday afternoon for a memorial ride in honor of Devin Rankin, known among riders as "Lor Dev." Rankin was shot to death Thursday in the 4600 block of Mannasota Ave. in a killing that remains unsolved.

Some on social media referred to him as the "No-hands king" because of his ability to ride on one wheel without steering. Copyright © 2014,


2964039573 28a6d8e0e8 o-EditCourtesy Officer Howard Smith
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1948buick1

COURTESY SGT. ROBERT FISCHER

1948buick2
COURTESY SGT. ROBERT FISCHER
1950chev cp10
COURTESY SGT. ROBERT FISCHER
1955 ford a.i.d
COURTESY SGT. ROBERT FISCHER
1960 steudbaker
COURTESY SGT. ROBERT FISCHER
1960 studebaker
COURTESY SGT. ROBERT FISCHER
 Devider

May 26, 1965 at 10:30 AM, Northern District Radio Car #502, manned by Officer Robert DiStefano driving and Officer Robert Michael were responding to a Signal 13 (Assist an Officer) call when at the intersection of 29th and Remington, they were cut off by a truck that had gone through a RED light. RC 502 was being operated with “lights and siren” struck the truck and turned it over on its roof. The truck then hit a utility pole that prevented it from breaking through the show window of Jarman Pontiac. Notice the indentation on the side of the truck. Joe deCarlo was the Sergeant and responded to the accident scene.

DISTEFANO ACCIDENT1

PHOTO COURTESY MAJOR ROBERT DiSTEFANO

DISTEFANO ACCIDENT2

PHOTO COURTESY MAJOR ROBERT DiSTEFANO

DIsTEFANO ACCIDENT3

PHOTO COURTESY MAJOR ROBERT DiSTEFANO

In the photo showing the front of the totaled (the engine was partially in the front seat) police car, that Officer Bob Michael, was talking to the T.I.S. Investigator. Please note the price of regular gas in the photo, 28.9 cents per gallon! Miraculously, no one was hurt in this accident!

DIsTEFANO ACCIDENT4PHOTO COURTESY MAJOR ROBERT DiSTEFANO

Leon Tomlin, a patrolman, at that time, was assigned to RC 502 car, on the relieving shift, thanked Officer DiStefano and Officer Michael for "expediting" the replacement process of the old unit. Ironically, the driver of the truck named John Brennan later joined the Baltimore Police Department. While in the academy he avoided his firearm and defense tactic instructors who were none the less, Officer Robert DiStefano and Officer Bob Michael. John Brennan later attained the rank of Sergeant. Sergeant Pattinson of the "I can teach a monkey how to drive, fame", informed Officer DiStefano that it was the worst accident that he had seen for a long time!
accident report1

PHOTO COURTESY MAJOR ROBERT DiSTEFANO
 A.I.D. accident report detailing the accident investigation

accident report2PHOTO COURTESY MAJOR ROBERT DiSTEFANO

1967chev accident with house
1967chev accident1

1968-Chev-wrecked-March-1971

BPD NEWSLETTER

The Departmental vehicle pictured above was the victim of a frequently occurring set of circumstances. The driver of this vehicle stopped behind the Departmental vehicle and the civilian auto it is assisting. Three warning devices should be employed by members of the Department while rendering this type of assistance; the emergency dome light should be operating, the four-way emergency flashers should be employed, and flares should be set out between 100 and 200 feet to the rear of the stopped vehicles. When stopped for a disabled motorist the police officer should take care to stay outside of his vehicle where practical and take a position of safety with the motorist. Officers should stop far enough behind the disabled vehicle, so that the vehicle will not cause damage to the departmental vehicle when it is being moved.disabled civilian vehicle in order to render assistance. While stopped, serving as protection to one civilian vehicle another struck the police vehicle from the rear. Accidents of the type just described need not happen with such alarming frequency. Some initial precautions will serve to protect both the Departmental vehicle and the civilian auto it is assisting. Three warning devices should be employed by members of the Department while rendering this type of assistance; the emergency dome light should be operating, the four-way emergency flashers should be employed, and flares should be set out between 100 and 200 feet to the rear of the stopped vehicles. When stopped for a disabled motorist the police officer should take care to stay outside of his vehicle where practical and take a position of safety with the motorist. Officers should stop far enough behind the disabled vehicle, so that the vehicle will not cause damage to the departmental vehicle when it is being moved.
 
last-run-for-the-wagon

 CRUISING PATROL 10-7
PADDY WAGON MAKES IT'S LAST 10-14 RUN

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wrecked Baltimore Police Car

Photo courtesy Officer Bill Edgar

wrecked Baltimore Police Car2
Photo courtesy Officer Bill Edgar

Several wrecked Baltimore Police vehicles sit on a storage lot at the Dickman Street garage

Devider

NOTICE

POLICE INFORMATION

Copies of: Your Baltimore Police Department Class Photo, Pictures of our Officers, Vehicles, Equipment, Newspaper Articles relating to our department and or officers, Old Departmental Newsletters, Lookouts, Wanted Posters, and or Brochures. Information on Deceased Officers and anything that may help Preserve the History and Proud Traditions of this agency. Please contact Retired Detective Kenny Driscoll. How to Dispose of Old Police Items  If you come into possession of Police items from an Estate or Death of a Police Officer Family Member and do not know how to properly dispose of these items please contact: Retired Detective Ken Driscoll - Please dispose of POLICE Items: Badges, Guns, Uniforms, Documents, PROPERLY so they won’t be used IMPROPERLY.

  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.his email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

DeviderAnyone with information, photographs, memorabilia, or other "Baltimore City Police" items can contact Ret. Det. Kenny Driscoll at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. follow us on Twitter @BaltoPoliceHist or like us on Facebook by clicking HERE pics can be mailed to Baltimore City Police History - 8138 Dundalk Ave. Baltimore Md. 21222

 

Copyright © 2002 Baltimore City Police History - Ret Det Kenny Driscoll

2000 - 2020

Thursday, 19 March 2020 20:15 Written by

1 black devider 800 8 72

2000 - 2020

Baltimore Police parade w jacob frey 72

Our Police 

 "EVER ON THE WATCH"

City police planning new suspect identification process As police propose changes, prosecutors say they are working to build careful cases

By Ian Duncan, The Baltimore Sun

7:21 PM EDT, March 28, 2013

Baltimore Police Commissioner Anthony Batts said Thursday that he is planning to change the way police get eyewitnesses to pick out suspects, citing research that shows current techniques can lead to cases of mistaken identity.

Batts said he wants officers to show witnesses one picture of a possible suspect at a time, instead of in groups. He said the change, along with a few others. could significantly improve the reliability of the identifications that police use to make their cases.

"What I'm going to introduce to the Baltimore Police  Department … is to continue to bring cameras into interview rooms and make sure that we document and we record those interviews so there are no mistakes there," Batts said.

Batts made the comments while participating in a panel discussion at the University of Baltimore Law  School with his predecessor Frederick H. Bealefeld III and State's  Attorney Gregg L. Bernstein.

Bernstein said eyewitness testimony is a powerful element at trial, which is why it is so important that investigators get the initial identification right.

Identification policies have changed over the years. Bealefeld said in the 1980s  officers were drafted to participate in live lineups — practice police here have abandoned.

Witnesses in Baltimore are shown a group of pictures, known as a "six-pack", containing the suspect and five other people, and asked to pick out the person they believe committed the crime.

But Rebecca Brown, a policy advocate at the Innocence  Project, said police practices have not kept up with research that shows witnesses make more reliable picks if they are shown the pictures one after another, rather than all at once.

Police and prosecutors have not always seen eye-to-eye on how identifications will stand up in court. Col. Dean Palmere, Baltimore's chief of detectives, said at a  recent City Hall hearing that he had met with prosecutors to get authorization on four cases that police wanted to move on.

Bernstein said in an interview that his office recently indicted a homicide case involving a single witness. He declined to name the defendant, and his spokesman Mark Cheshire said that's because he is personally involved in the case and does not want to prejudice it.

During the panel, Bernstein said prosecutors have to be careful about how they approach cases with just a single eyewitness.

"If you have a case in which your only evidence … is one witness identifying a stranger … I think you have to be very very careful about that kind of case," he said. "When you have that kind of situation … you need to really look hard and make sure you have corroborating  evidence."

Baltimore Sun reporter Justin Fenton contributed to this article.

commissioner norris 20012015 riots

bronze star2

Baltimore City Police Department Bronze Star for Valor
Given by Police Commissioner Edward T. Norris
to Officer Omar T. Wright
April 12, 2001
 
 
imf 2002 1
 
Photo courtesy of Officer William Painter
I.M.F. Protest in Washington, DC.
(International Monetary Fund)
September 2002
Baltimore City Police Officers spent 2 days in DC and were assigned the post of 1600 Pennsylvania Ave.
"The WHITE HOUSE"
(Photos are courtesy of Officer William Painter)

imf 2002 2
 
Photo courtesy of Officer William Painter
 
imf 2002 3
 
Photo courtesy of Officer William Painter
 
snow blizzard 
2003 snow blizzard brings the Maryland National Guard help with Humvees

stickles

COURTESY DETECTIVE LES STICKLES
Baltimore Police Family Tradition
Father, Son, Grandson
Retired Lieutenant Leslie J. Stickles Sr., Officer Brandon Stickles
Retired Detective Leslie J. Stickles, Jr.
2006
OFFICER OWEN O NEILL

OFFICER OWEN O NEILL
 
EMERALD SOCIETY PHOTO
Officer Owen O’Neill

Entrance On Duty: June 27, 1935

Retired from Duty: June 27, 1956

21 Years of Honorable Service


OFFICER OWEN O NEILL CERTIFICATE

EMERALD SOCIETY PHOTO

Certificate of Accomplishment

50th Anniversary of Officer Owen O’Neill’s

Retirement from the

Baltimore City Police Department

Awarded by the

Police Emerald Society of Baltimore, Maryland

 ~In Memory~

A Baltimore Police Department Tragedy
Agent Edward William Eldridge, Jr. passes from this earth alone
 
Officer E W Eldridge 1
Courtesy Lt. Tom Douglas
Agent Edward William Eldridge, Jr

To the men and women in blue. Thursday last, at 0914hrs. retired Baltimore City Police Officer Edward William Eldridge Jr. passed from this earth. Edward was 62 yrs. old and had been retired 10 years. The very tragic sad part of this is that Edward took his own life. It seems that following his retirement in 1998, Edward lost touch with his brothers and sisters in blue. To the point, that it appears that he did not have anyone to call for life’s emergencies. On the day of his death, he was to undergo arthroscopy surgery on his knee. At the Hospitals request, Edward needed to be accompanied to the Hospital by someone who would stay until his release. Edward apparently did not have anyone to call. Edward did make arrangements with the NE District where he lived for a ride to and from the Hospital. However, he was concerned that the Hospital might not be satisfied with that arrangement. Unfortunately, he opted to take his life instead. Edward never married, had no children, no siblings and his parents were deceased. Edward lived alone and died alone. Edward was brought up Catholic. A neighbor of his for the last 20yrs. expressed her dismay and recounted the following: When her children were youngsters, Mr. Ed would fix all the kids bikes in the neighborhood and would give them money to buy candy. Records were located that showed that each Halloween, Edward would spend as much as $ 153.00 in his purchase of candy and would keep track each year how many children came to trick or treat. At the height of his records, 61 children would knock at Mr. Ed’s door. Your thoughts and prayers for the departed would be much appreciated. Edward Eldrige will be buried next week at Rucks Funeral Home in Towson Md. The only family Edward has to attend his interment and memorial service are his brothers and sisters in blue. I know we all have hectic lives these days. However, if you knew Edward or not, he served 26 years in our uniform and deserves an abundant showing from the Baltimore City Police Department.
To those who read this, I personally thank you for your time. Edward was a Central District wagon man for a number of years.
Entered BPD 1972.---------- Retired 1998. Date of death 29 January 2009, 0914hrs. - Det. Randy Wynn Homicide

Let his death be a reminder that we are family, renew a friendship of a past side partner

 Officer E W Eldridge 2

 Courtesy Lt. Tom Douglas
 Agent Edward William Eldridge, Jr.

SUN PAPER ARTICLE:

By Peter Hermann

February 9, 2009

Edward William Eldridge Jr. took his own life at the age of 62. He lived alone in a small semidetached, red-brick house on Daywalt Avenue in Northeast Baltimore. He had no wife, no known children, no brothers, no sisters, and his parents died years ago. He listed his only aunt as a beneficiary, but she, too, had passed away. He had no friends, at least none close enough or willing enough to stay with him at the hospital for a few hours so he could undergo the arthroscopic knee surgery he was scheduled to have on the day he died. He had nobody he could talk to or who could help him when he lost $100,000 of his retirement savings to the faltering stock market. Now Eldridge's body lies at Ruck Funeral Home in Towson - a viewing is scheduled for 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. tomorrow, memorial service at 11 a.m. Wednesday - his earthly remains saved from becoming a ward of the state and from a pauper's grave by the Baltimore homicide detective who got the case, went to the house and recognized the dead man as a colleague and an old acquaintance. He had "shot the breeze" with Eldridge years ago when the detective walked a foot post and the now-dead officer was the Police Department's Central District wagon man. His name, with rank attached, was Agent Edward William Eldridge Jr. He joined the Baltimore Police Department on Aug. 4, 1972, and retired Aug. 6, 1998. He had earned a degree in business and public administration from the University of Maryland, was drafted into the Army and sent to Okinawa to guard underground missile silos. "He served his country for two years and he served this city for 26 years," Detective Randy Wynn said after he claimed the body at the morgue. "At the very least he deserves a proper send-off." The detective is trying to get current and retired police officers to come to services for Eldridge, and he plans to display nearly two dozen certificates and commendations he found after spending days digging through boxes and bags at the house where Eldridge grew up and died. Wynn found a neighbor who told him Eldridge fixed bicycles for the kids - there were parts scattered in his basement - and gave them money for candy. There were 40 names in Eldridge's address book, and Wynn called them all. Every single number went to a business where people had dealt with Eldridge but didn't really know him. Only his retired accountant thought Eldridge's demeanor had soured - "that he didn't seem the way he used to be," Wynn said. He had lost contact with the cops he had worked with, most recently in the Northeast District. He was so alone that he worried nobody would find his body after he died - maybe they wouldn't care enough to even look. It was Jan. 29, a Thursday, at 9:09 in the morning, the day his surgery was scheduled, that he called 911 and told an operator, "Ma'am, I'm planning to shoot myself." His voice was as steady and cavalier as someone ordering a pizza. He was polite, not a trace of urgency or hesitation. "I don't want the body to stink up the neighbor's house," he said into the phone. The operator asked whether he had any weapons, and he said he had two. She asked where he was, and he told her he was in his upstairs back bedroom, and that he had left the front door unlocked so officers could get inside. He had a .40-caliber Glock and a .38 Smith & Wesson revolver. Eldridge chose the Glock - the kind of gun carried by city police - to end his life. The operator was still on the line when he pulled the trigger. It's hard to imagine being so alone, and the extent and reason for whatever emotions caused him to take his life may never be fully known or understood. For Detective Wynn, who gets paid to immerse himself in this city's overabundance of death and despair, this case is a stark reminder that people need to help each other and ask for help for themselves. Wynn could have shoved this file aside, written a perfunctory report and moved on. But he is driven to get others to care about a man who should not have been allowed to die as he lived - without family, without friends, without someone knowing even a little about him. For the detective, who has spent 40 years on the city force, it's a lesson to get friends outside the job. "When you're in uniform, everybody knows who you are," he said. "Then all of a sudden you retire, and nobody knows who you are. After being in his house and reading his stuff for 12 hours, I realized he didn't have a friend in the world." Eldridge was born June 27, 1946, at Union Memorial Hospital and grew up on Daywalt Avenue. His parents were both from Philadelphia; his father worked as a clerk at Sparrows Point. He graduated from Polytechnic Institute in 1964 and headed off to the University of Maryland. Wynn made a list of Eldridge's varied and prodigious studies: introduction to business; introduction to philosophy; public speaking; introduction to world literature; general chemistry; Western civilization; social psychology; principles of government and politics; accounting; marketing principles and organization; auditing theory; income tax accounting; business statistics; and civil rights law. The Army drafted him the year he graduated, 1968, but he was spared Vietnam and sent to train for a year at Fort Bragg in North Carolina and the Redstone Arsenal in Alabama, where he earned a marksman's badge for the M-16 before heading off to Japan. While on duty there, he had a security clearance, studied the Japanese language, attended a law enforcement program and rose to the rank of sergeant. Wynn found Eldridge's honorable discharge papers, dated June 14, 1971, along with two letters of appreciation signed by President Richard M. Nixon and Army Gen. William C. Westmoreland.

He returned to Baltimore, bought a house on Homestead Street in Better Waverly and joined the police force. Eight years ago, he moved back to Daywalt Avenue to take care of his sick mother. Neighbors said they rarely saw him and that he kept his windows covered. Wynn found piles of books, Western movies and boxes filled with documents that shed some light on Eldridge's personality, and how he kept meticulous records of the most mundane chores. There was a log of "every gallon of gas he ever bought," Wynn said. Curiously, it appears that Eldridge kept the records for records' sake and not to track mileage. He kept a similar list of visits for Halloween and how much money he spent on the small candy bars he handed out. In 2000, 52 kids came to his door; in 2001 it was 18, a year later 31 and a year after that 52. It topped 61 in 2005 and dropped to "only eight children" last year. He spent between $94 and $159 on candy each year. Why he compiled these lists might remain as mysterious as to why he took his life. In a suicide note found at the foot of his bed, neatly written in cursive and taking up a full page of notebook paper, Eldridge went on at length about his surgery, scheduled for that day at 2 p.m. at Franklin Square Hospital Center. He had saved the doctor's instructions reminding him not to eat that day and had written notes to himself about what time to call a taxi to take him to the hospital. He had later made arrangements with officers at the Northeastern District to give him a ride to and from Franklin Square, but he had nobody to stay with him during the procedure, a requirement. He wrote that he was afraid he would be sent home and that doctors might learn his backup plan was suicide. He was afraid of being committed. Eldridge, fully clothed, lay on his back on his bed and called 911. The final sound on the tape is a gunshot followed by the operator's scream. Wynn said Eldridge actually shot himself twice, the first time through his right jaw, then in a split second he turned his head and shot himself above the left ear. His Glock was still in his right hand when police arrived. The detective has played the tape for his colleagues. "Everyone up here who has heard it has never heard anything like that," he said. "Ever." Regarding the viewing Lt. Tom Douglas arrived at 6:00 PM and there were uniformed police leaving. As he entered the second floor, the room was large and occupied by uninformed, plain clothed, young and retired officers. He said he would venture to say at one point there were over 200 police on that floor and in the room. Retired Police Commissioners Bishop Robinson and Ed Woods and current police commissioner Fred Bealefeld also came. The Northeastern District Commander came as did other Officers, Agents, Detectives, Sergeants, and Lieutenants. Several motor officers were out front and also saw retired Deputy Commissioner John Gaverelis was there as well. It was the general consensus Detective Wynn did an outstanding job on making the arrangements and getting the word out. There were photos of Ed and his family around the room, his Army duffel bag, and uniform, his badge was in the coffin with a lone bouquet of flowers. There were a couple flower arrangements besides the unpretentious casket which was closed. Many officers would approach, kneel by its side and either say a prayer or their goodbyes. Detective Wynn did an outstanding service for this officer, our department and for the men and women that were now afforded a chance to say their goodbye to this kind, yet lonely, an officer that was too lonely to call for help.

GOODBYE EDDIE, if you had only known.

KGA 161........ KGA to 161..........161 is 10-7

An outstanding piece of Police work by Detective Randy Wynn. His dedication to duty is only outweighed by his compassion. Detective Wynn’s handling of this incident exemplifies what it means to be a COP and especially a BALTIMORE COP. We are family and he took his “Brother” to his maker in the manor any family member would do. Thanks, Detective Randy Wynn for bringing this tragedy to light and may this never ever happen to another one of our own. MESSAGE FROM BRPBA CHAPLAIN TIM RABBIT:

Greetings B.R.P.B.A. Members,
 
I write to you with a concerned heart about the recent death of Retired Officer Edward William Eldridge. Many of you know
that Edward took his own life on 1/29/09. This is a tragedy that touched many lives. Not just the lives of those who knew him, but the lives of every man and woman that wear a badge.
 
Edward lived by himself, had no known living family members, and didn't leave the house much. We can all speculate why he took his own life, but we don't really know. The tragedy is that he did. I want every member to know that somebody cares about you. First and foremost God cares about you and He Knows what you're going through. You're are important to each one of us. The bottom line is you're a somebody and not a nobody. We all get physically sick, lonely, and depressed at times. You're not out there by yourself. If you need a friend or just someone to talk to, please call me or one of the other members. Remember were family and family sticks together and takes care of each other. The problems of life can be huge when you take them on by yourself. Please let someone else walk with you in your time of difficulty. Life is given by God and is Sacred.
 
Below is my contact information call me, I care !!!
 
Rev. Tim Rabbitt
Chaplain- B.R.P.B.A
Member- B.R.P.B.A
 
email- This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Cell Phone- 410-952-5167
Jimbo 1
COURTESY AUX. LIEUT. JAMES DERRETH
 
 Baltimore Police Auxiliary Lieutenant James J. Derreth, one the many who volunteer their time and services to assist Baltimore Police Officers with traffic and crowd control details. “Jimbo” has worked 21 years giving his time and energy to the City of Baltimore and the Baltimore Police Department.

Jim was recently promoted to the rank of Major

deputy commissioner kenny blackwell

 
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Ricks Graduation
 
Photo courtesy Officer Rick Krause
 Another in a law enforcement family tradition Officer Rick Krause (R) stands with his son, Rick, who is an officer with the Harford County Police Department.

les stickles sr.

Courtesy Det. Leslie Stickles, Jr.

Lieutenant Leslie Stickles (2006) was the K-9 Commander in 1967 when I first joined the department.

He was one of the first who helped guide my career in Law Enforcement.

Mikey Rodriguez
 
 Officer Mickey Rodriquez
 
group
 
 
Mike Parrish-1
 

Officer Mike Parrish standing with command staff waiting on the current academy classes to form up for a ceremony

Mike Parrish's PT shirt was framed and now hangs over the entrance to the fitness and combat training facility

 

Mike Parrish-2

 
 
John Robinson Brian Weber
 
Photo courtesy Officer Brian S. Weber

Officer John Robinson and Officer Brian S. Weber stand in front of the US Capitol in Washington DC during Police Week

BPD Police Week

100
 
 
Louis Ely1
 
Photo courtesy Sergeant Louis Ely
 
Louis Ely3
 
Photo courtesy Sergeant Louis Ely
 
Louis Ely2
 
Photo courtesy Sergeant Louis Ely
 
Louis Ely4
 
Photo courtesy Sergeant Louis Ely
 
101
 
 
102
 
103
 
 
105
 
 
131
 
 
112
 
 
115
 
 
116
 
 
122
 
 
Chris Ahearn

P/O Chris Ahearn & P/O Scott Davis

Officer Bob Brown
 
Officer Robert Brown formerly of the Western District showing off his shirt received as a gift.
 
Pat Huter Alan Keitz David Ciotti
 
 
Dep Com Debbie Owens

Deputy Commissioner Debbie Owens seen with some of the participants of the MSP Polar Bear Plunge

Detail team Pres Inauguration

Photo courtesy P/O Thomas A. Linton

BLIZZARD 2010 4

THE BLIZZARD OF 2010Photo courtesy Officer Bill Edgar

Baltimore City Police Marine Unit during the blizzard of 2010

 BLIZZARD 2010 1

 Photo courtesy Officer Bill Edgar

 Baltimore City Police car in snowstorm 2010

BLIZZARD 2010 2

 Photo by Sgt. Jennifer Sardam, 29th Mobile Public Affairs Detachment - Sgt. Troy K. Mitchell of Joint Force Headquarters, Maryland Army National Guard, works to free a Baltimore City Police vehicle from where it was stuck in the snow

BLIZZARD 2010 3

 Photo by Sgt. Jennifer Sardam, 29th Mobile Public Affairs Detachment)  Left to right: Baltimore City Police officers, Justin Howard and Joe Crystal, and Sgt. Troy K. Mitchell of Joint Force Headquarters, Maryland Army National Guard, work together Sunday (February 7) to free a Baltimore City Police vehicle from where it was stuck in the snow.

SNOW 2010
 
Photo courtesy Major John Hess
Major John Hess, Deputy Major Dan Lioi, Colonel Dean Palmere and Lt Tracy Geho (Left to Right).
Standing at Federal and Broadway in the great Eastern District.
The date is February 10. 2010 @ 2100 hours.
 
 
Leadership Course October 2010 1
 
Photo courtesy: Sgt. Carlos Vila
Supervisor's Leadership Course
2010-02
 
Leadership Course October 2010 2
 
Photo courtesy: Sgt. Carlos Vila
 
 
Leadership Course October 2010 3
 
Photo courtesy: Sgt. Carlos Vila
 Commissioner Bealefeld III addresses the class
 
Sgt. Brickus
 
Photo courtesy: Sgt. Carlos Vila
Sergeant Brickus
 
Sgt Terry Bell
 
Photo courtesy: Sgt. Carlos Vila Sergeant Terry Bell

 Sgt Tommy Bracken

Photo courtesy: Sgt. Carlos Vila
Sergeant Tommy Bracken

 
Sgt Ted Friel
 
Photo courtesy: Sgt. Carlos Vila
Sergeant Ted Friel
 
Five Alarm fire on the BLOCK
 
5 alarm fire on the "Block"
December 06, 2010
 
Bill Edgar blocking BaltimoreSt fire scene
 
PHOTO COURTESY OFFICER BILL EDGAR
Officer Bill Edgar blocks off Baltimore St. at Commerce St., for ATF investigators after the 5 alarm fire on "The Block"
December 16, 2010
 

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POLICE INFORMATION

Copies of: Your Baltimore Police Department Class Photo, Pictures of our Officers, Vehicles, Equipment, Newspaper Articles relating to our department and or officers, Old Departmental Newsletters, Lookouts, Wanted Posters, and or Brochures. Information on Deceased Officers and anything that may help Preserve the History and Proud Traditions of this agency. Please contact Retired Detective Kenny Driscoll.

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

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NOTICE

How to Dispose of Old Police Items

Please contact Det. Ret. Kenny Driscoll if you have any pictures of you or your family members and wish them remembered here on this tribute site to Honor the fine men and women who have served with Honor and Distinction at the Baltimore Police Department.

Anyone with information, photographs, memorabilia, or other "Baltimore City Police" items can contact Ret. Det. Kenny Driscoll at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. follow us on Twitter @BaltoPoliceHist or like us on Facebook or mail pics to 8138 Dundalk Ave. Baltimore Md. 21222

Copyright © 2002 Baltimore City Police History - Ret Det Kenny Driscoll  

Robert A Miller Jr

Sunday, 15 March 2020 01:42 Written by

Robert A Miller Jr

Robert A Miller Jr 2

(The Above Rider is not Robert A Miller)

Park Police 1959

KSCN0046

Courtesy Robert Miller

ID card back

Courtesy Robert Miller

Police Officer Robert Aaron Miller, known as "RAM" Robert Aaron Miller or the "The Dog Man"  began his career with the Baltimore City Park Police where he would work Motors among other duties before the Park Police would Merger with the City Police. As a member of the City Police he took part in helping to build the K9 unit. Under Police Commissioner Heprin, Officer Miller would volunteer for and be found qualified to work as part of Baltimore's experimental K9 unit.


THE METHOD OF SELECTING OFFICERS:

It must be kept in mind that an officer to work with a dog must want to do so-he cannot be forced into the job as his reactions to his work reflects in the animal. All officers, therefore, must volunteer. From this list they are carefully screened and selected. First, they must meet certain requirements:
(a) They must live in their own home. This home must have adequate ground or a yard to house and care for a dog.

(b) The officer's wife and family must be investigated from the stand point of willingness and approval.

(c) They must have available an automobile to use at all times.

(d) Their personnel record with the department must be good.

(e) Sufficient practical police experience or knowledge before being assigned to unit.

 

The cost of the K-9 Corps consists of the salary of the personnel assigned to the unit plus an estimated" figure of $200 per year per dog. (This latter figure is based on the cost of food, equipment and veterinary charges.) All dogs have been donated outright to the department for use in police work. They must be German Shepherd dogs (male) sound of body, physically fit and of good even temperament-neither vicious nor shy, and preferably under 3 years of age. No kennel facilities are provided. Each dog is assigned to an officer and from that point on lives with him at his home. The fact that the dog is with the officer constantly not only provides a closer bond of relationship between man and dog, but it also eliminates the necessity of the erection of expensive kennels and the personnel to staff same. Food is purchased by the department and distributed to the individual officer as required. This food consists of a kennel biscuit and canned horse meat or beef. Each officer is taught to train his own dog. The dog is first trained, in basic obedience, and tested for gun shyness. Next, attack work and then trailing (location of lost persons or criminals). Finally, the dog is trained to locate articles or materials that could be used as evidence. (It is extremely important in the attack training that the dog attacks only on command of his handler and releases immediately when told.) Ifficer Miller met or exceeded every requirment becoming one of Baltimores first K-9 officer/handlers. Officer Miller was the handler to a dog named Tufel #46 of Baltimore first 62 dogs. Often the way it was done, would be to obtain as many dogs as they could, all dogs were donated to the Department and were usually between 9 months and 1 1/2 years old when accepted. The training director then was, Sergeant Thomas A. Knott, he would inspect all dogs offered to insure that they are in sound physical condition and of good disposition. Once found qualified the dog is turned over to a veterinarian for an extensive check-up to discover any possible physical or medical defects. The dogs and handlers are then paired and begin schooling. The team of instructors was comprised of two experienced trainers Officers William A. Lejewski and John F. Barnard. This Education and Training Unit is supervised by Sergeant Knott a twenty-three year veteran of the Department. Sergeant Knott has been training dogs for more than forty years.

The teams become well versed in building and field searches for both subjects and objects. This training also includes the recovery of weapons. Among the thirty-nine dogs and handlers deployed by the Department many were also proficient in specialized areas. Five were effective in bomb detection and over one half of the dogs have proved to be reliable in drug detection. Officer Miller took part in a new training program was introduced to enable K-9 teams to detect the presence of deceased persons. The Officers, in their continuing effort to improve and refine the skills of their dogs, also spend many off-duty hours in training. Numerous teams hold American Kennel Club Degrees. The Companion Dog Degree can be obtained only after a dog receives a minimum score of 170 out of a possible 200 points by three different AKC judges in obedience. The Tracking Degree is awarded to a dog who follows a 500 yard track left by a stranger within 40 feet, under the watchful eyes of two AKC judges. The track must be from fifteen minutes to two hours old. This must be accomplished while on his handler's lead and at the end, locate an object left by the stranger. The special skills developed by the teams are applied almost daily. A systematic search of a large building for a suspect by a group of eight to ten officers would take three to four hours. The same search by a Canine team requires only one-fifth the time.

German Sheapards could be handled, trained to see which were trainable and which were not, pretty fast. Baltimore required a different kind of dog, so while nearly all dogs can be trained to be a good guard/security dog, only a few could be Baltimore dogs. Our dogs had to be ale to be around kids, and adults, even disobediant criminals without biting, or attacking unless given a command. It took a special kind of person to be a handler, further it took a special family, because the handlers of the Baaltimore K9 took their work home with them, Officer Miller and his family helped form what has become one of America's best K9 units, they helped set upa program where when dogs didn't make the cut here, they sent on to the military where some went on to be quite heroic. As one of the first members of what became one the finest K9 units in the country, Officer Miller and his family along with only a select few other officers with their familes in the unit developed a training method that would go on to be copied by nearly every K9 unit in the country. Our hats off to Officer Miller and the other members of his unit. See our K9 page HERE

60 k9 coatP/O Robert A Millers Jr's 1960 - Baltimore Police Winter Coat
with Emergency Services Arm Band
rocker patch
Shoulder Patch

k9 reefer

P/O Robert A Miller Jr's 1960 - Rocker Shoulder, and K9 patch

1960 K9 jacket

P/O Robert A Miller Jr's Leather K9 Handlers Jacket

Robert A Miller Jr with DP

Officer William Mille

Miller K9 ad 
Off Miller with Tuefel

Miller tank 72

Baltimore Bomb Squad R Miller in State Police Vehicle

Miller Bomb squad

RAM's Bomb Tech ID Card

miller dunkirk

RAM w/ Tuefel

Miller FOP member

R Miller's FOP Membership Card signed by D Woods 1972

RAM FOP 72   73 1st vice prez
Robert Miller Served a term as 1st Vice President of FOP Lodge #3

Miller 2

RAM 19 pistol sharpshooter

Courtesy Robert Miller

RAM 1959Courtesy Robert Milller

K9course

Robert Miller and Tuefel

K9 hard at work

K9 hard at work 2

K9 hard at work 3

RAM's family showing how their K9 became part of the family

K9 hard at work 4

K9 hard at work 5

K9 hard at work 6

K9 hard at work 7

K9 MD Seal

K9 wallet pics

Wallet Photo

K9 work dog family

A Family Dog

Miller retired

Robert A Miller's Retirement

RAM 1 2

Current Pics of the RAM 2014

RAM Card featurig Tuefel 72

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Please contact Det. Ret. Kenny Driscoll if you have any pictures of you or your family members and wish them remembered here on this tribute site to Honor the fine men and women who have served with Honor and Distinction at the Baltimore Police Department.

Anyone with information, photographs, memorabilia, or other "Baltimore City Police" items can contact Ret. Det. Kenny Driscoll at  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.follow us on Twitter @BaltoPoliceHist or like us on Facebook or mail pics to 8138 Dundalk Ave. Baltimore Md. 21222

Copyright © 2002 Baltimore City Police History - Ret Det Kenny Driscoll

Jim Mitchell
On 29 January 2014 at 4PM, Retired Police Officer James Edward Mitchell passed away at his home in Hanover PA. After a visit from his son, Jim closed his eyes and peacefully passed away; his daughter Marry Harrell put her hand on his and realized he had gone. It had been a long struggle, but in the end Jim passed with dignity and strength. Officer Jim Mitchell was good police, a good man, and a good friend, he will always be missed.

Through this page, he will never be forgotten, as we will always have a place to come visit our brother Police Officer Jim Mitchell. God Bless, and Rest in Peace Jim we all love you

 jim mitchell 2
Officer Jim Mitchell BPD Trading Card

Jim Mitchell Circa 1956 with a 1948 BuickCirca  1956 with a 1948 Buick

Jim Mitchell 11957 Jim Mitchell
A nightstick, his claw and that smile

jim mitchell

Commissioner Bishop Robinson
Retirement 1986

When Bishop Robinson passed away (7 January 2014) WMAR Channel 2 Baltimore did a story on "The Bishop", and used this picture among others to tell Commissioner Robinson's Story. I had written Jim, and Jim wrote the following:

It all started back in 1956 when Ed Tilghman & I were in the academy together & we both started together in the old NW on Pennsylvania Ave. After we moved to WD he eventually got promoted to Sergeant. He became our squad leader and he made his OIC. Much later he was promoted Major & came back to command the WD. During this period is when there was an opening for a new turnkey, I put in for it and got it. I worked along with Griffin Dobyns. Again Tilghman was promoted he was replaced with Major Boles. In 1981 I had a heart attack, I was placed on light duty by Major Boles and before long I had become his errand boy; Something that I disposed. Eventually he wanted to get rid of his light duty personnel and I was transferred to Headquarters Security. One day while I was in the security booth of the garage on Frederick Street my good friend Tilghman came through and saw me, he stopped and asked why I was there. After explaining everything to him, he said he was going to get back with me. About a week later I got a phone call a home from Lt O'Hara who informed me that he had set up an appointment to meet with Tilghman, as Tilghman wanted to know if I would be interested in a job offer he had me. After hearing what he wanted me to do I quickly accepted his offer. I was assigned to work with Sgt. Daughtery in a unit that would constitute the handling all the deaths in the department. We had an office on the 7th floor, and whenever an officer died, natural, retired, line of duty, etc we were notified, and we would start our process. We contacted family members of deceased to see what there needs were and if necessary we contacted districts to provide pall bearers, contacted funeral homes and whatever else was necessary. It was a sad, but heartwarming job, and I enjoyed helping these families during their trying times. We also had a retiree desk in the office where a volunteered officer would come in several times a week and assist with any information that anyone might call in for about retirement. After I retired I always hoped that someone else would continue this position. Sgt Daugherty retired a couple of months after me. Not long after that Tilghman was promoted to Police Commissioner, and not too much longer after that he died. I hope that was not too long or boring. (Jim Mitchell)

Not boring at all, Jim is an amazing man, an amazing police officer and has an amazing memory. I am honored to call him a friend and thankful that he would take the time to write this.

Jim Mitchell stick

 Police Officer Jim Mitchell,

“When I joined it wasn’t racist for the white officers not to like the black, and the black not to like the white. It was just the way it was, times were different, it may be hard for someone today to understand, but today we know there is no different between a white man, and a black man other than skin color. Back then the “N” word was commonly used word, I used it, my bosses used, we wrote it in (police) reports, it seemed like newspapers up until the 70’s referred to a black men as a Negro, and women as Negress. Martin Luther King, referred to a black men as a Negro, so Negro wasn’t an issue, and back then the “N” wasn’t an issue, or at least it wasn’t as obvious. Then we were segregated, and as such we didn’t know better, it could be considered propaganda, education, or a lack of an honest education. But black men didn’t like us, and we didn’t like them, I drove a milk truck before joining the police force, and was at Whitelock St. near North Ave, it was in the am and I turned the corner, (you know there’s like a little corner there where there is this like a blind spot, and I was in this big milk truck when I took the corner I hit a guy, and he popped up off the street and said, “I’m Ok… I’m Ok, you can go, I’m Ok” well, I wasn’t new to things like that, and didn’t want to lose my job, so I went around to Pennsylvania Ave. down by Gold St. and flagged down a police officer, he was with another officer and I told them I turned the corner and hit a guy, I told him the guy said, he was Ok and told me I could go, but I wanted to make sure I told someone, I didn’t want to be accused of hit and run, the officer said, (and because he didn’t say, “N – word”, and I want you to fully understand, I will say it the way he did.. he said, “Was it a nigger?”, and I didn’t know any better at the time, that is what we said, so I said, “Yes!” And he said, “Don’t worry about it; you can just go back to doing what you were doing!” So I went back to my route, and when I went passed that corner, I saw the guy standing there with another officer, he pointed to me and said, I was the one that hit him, and that I just left! The Officer flagged me down and asked what happened, I told him, what happened, and that it was dark, he was dress in all dark, (well they could see that, he was still wearing the same close, and he was dark skinned!) I told the officer what happened and that I didn’t just leave, I went over to Pennsylvania Ave, and Gold, and told some officers around there what had happened. The guy wasn’t hurt, he was walking around fine, the officers assumed he was just trying to roll me, or the company I worked for, and that at first when he claimed he was ok, and sent me on my way, someone must have told him he could get money for being hit, so he stopped the first officer he could find. Back then, the police didn’t like to be used in that way, and times were different. Today, I know it was wrong, for them to have called him an “N” word, and not to have corrected them, but my knowing that didn’t come until years later after joining the police. Driving the milk truck wasn’t a way to make a living, it didn’t pay well, and I was robbed several times; I figured if I was going to be in those tough neighborhoods, I might as well have a gun. So me and an old army buddy went down to the police department and joined; we went down to headquarters and applied for the job; shortly after that, they hired both of us. We both went through the academy, I was assigned to the Northeastern, I forgot where he went we talked every so often, but for the most part, we lost contact, except one time; I met him down Lexington Market, and he had heard I wasn’t married anymore, he told me I should go talk to Doris, and I said she’s married, he said, no her and husband weren’t working out, so they are separated, well, I contacted her. Doris and I dated before I went off to the Army, and she had moved on. I met a nurse and we were married, my marriage didn’t work out, and since Doris’ Marriage didn’t work out, I went and looked her up, and we have been together ever since.

43 years, 4 kids, 8 step children, 21 grandchildren, 26 great grandchildren and his five great-great grandchildren later and we are where we are today. But back to his leaving the academy and still at the armory after graduation, he was called aside by a Sergeant and told he wouldn’t be going to the Northeastern, that he and a few of the others would be detailed to the Northwestern District. Well I didn’t mind, back then the Northeastern was called the country club, and I didn’t want that I wanted the action, so I was glad to go to the Northwest; I liked it. After a few months I went to my Sergeant, (Back then we didn’t have Majors, we had Captains, and under the Captain was the Lieutenant, it was a chain of command, and you didn’t break that chain. So anyway, I liked the Northwestern, I had made friends, and I liked the posts I worked, I was young and full of piss and vinegar and liked the action; so I went to my Sergeant and asked if I could stay; if I could make the detail permanent. The Sergeant said, “Are you sure?” and I told him I was positive, and that I wanted to stay. So the sergeant said, we could find out, and he went in and talked to the Administrative Lieutenant, In those days we had four Lieutenants in the district, One for each shift (the Shift Lieutenants), and an Admin Lieutenant that oversaw everything doing the Administrative work in the district – he took care of transfers) The Admin Lieutenant called me in to his office and asked me if it was true, that I wanted to stay. I told him it was! He then asked, “Why would you want to stay here?” I explained that I worked the area before joining the force, I liked the guys I was working with, and I enjoyed the action and wanted to stay. He said, he wouldn’t ask twice, and that he would take care of the paperwork. That was the last I heard of it, a few months later it was official I was transferred to the Northwestern.

It was before desegregation
 It was before desegregation, and while we had black officers, they didn’t drive in cars, they couldn’t work certain areas, they hated us, and we hated them… I remember when they desegregated, it was 1966 and we were not happy, I mean we all had regular partners, guys we worked with, we knew and trusted, our partners were guys we knew had our backs, and we didn’t know the black officers, we didn’t know if they would fight when we needed someone to fight, and back then there were a lot of fights. So my Sergeant pulled me aside, and told me, “If this nigger goes to sleep, I want you to call me; I want to you tell me so I can come out and catch him, and then I can fire his black ass, and we can put an end to this bull shit!” so I said, “yes sir!” and I tried, I was ready to turn him in, I didn’t know him, and all I knew was what I had heard, about half way through the shift, (we were working a midnight) and around 3am, it would have been time to hit the hole, (Back then when we were going to go to sleep, we called it, “Hitting the hole”!) but I didn’t know the guy, so I just kept driving around, finally he said to me, “Do you boys hit the hole?” I said, “Hit the hole? I’m sorry, I don’t know what you mean!” (of course I did, but I couldn’t have him know that!). So he said, “Yeah, the hole, you know, go to sleep!” So I said, “No, but if that’s what you want to do, just tell me where to go” so he directed me as to where to go, and we wound up under a bridge, and he wouldn’t go to sleep, I was hoping he would so I could turn him in and get my regular partner back. But we just sat there staring up at the bottom of a bridge, or underpass. Finally I had to go to one of the bars to help them close the place, while I was in there I looked out the door and he was sleeping, so I called it in, and the Sergeant came right out, but when he drove by he was wide awake, the Sergeant just kept driving right on by. To this day I often wonder if he faked sleeping to see what I would do, but it doesn’t matter, because by the end of the second week, we had started talking, I learned about his wife and kids, he had a wife and two kids, I had a wife and kids. He told me his wife worked at a makeup counter downtown; my wife worked a Jewelry counter. Other than skin color, and where we lived, and grew up, we were the same, then we got into a fight arresting some black guy, and I didn’t know if he would help, but he was right in there, he fault as well and as hard any partner I had ever had. By the end of the first month, we had become partners, and there was no way in the world I would have turned him in for sleeping. I was actually sorry they integrated us at first, but by the end of the second week, I was becoming more interested in working together, and again I have to point out this wasn’t the 1990’s or 2000, this was 1966, I came on in the mid 50’s, times were different, the internet wasn’t around, television wasn’t even what it is today. We were not educated to know anything but what we were told, or what we read in the papers, and it wasn’t just us, the black officers hated us white officers too. They hated us to a point, that, and I didn’t find this out until years later, but that night when that officer asked me if we were going to go in the hole, and my Sergeant told me to turn him in for sleeping, his sergeant told him the same. So basically, the white officer’s sergeants, and the black officer’s sergeants hated each other, but they thought alike, they both came up with the same plan to have their officer turn in his partner, so he could have him fired, and then we could return to the way it was. You have to understand that, just in case it isn’t clear, the white officers didn’t want to work with the black officers, but the black officers didn’t want to work with the white officers either... What the black officers wanted was to be able to work any post, to drive patrol cars, wear uniforms etc. The department itself had not fully integrated until 1966. Prior to 1966, black officers were limited to foot patrol; they were barred from the use of squad cars. These officers were quarantined in rank, barred from patrolling in white neighborhoods, and would often only be given specialty assignments in positions in the narcotics division, or as undercover plainclothes officers. They didn’t want to work with white officers, but they did want to be treated equal. They hated us, they didn’t trust us, we were the same, that’s why I say it wasn’t racist, unless they were racist too, and I don’t think that was the case. I think racist is having the information available, and ignoring the facts, to believe what you want. Or not wanting to ever become friends even after you know we are the same. Once we worked together, we liked each other, I have a picture of my partner hanging on a wall in my living room, I went to his funeral, and to his kid’s graduations, and weddings. We would have been friends earlier, but we didn’t know, and that wasn’t either of our faults, society and the department kept us apart, it was in the rules, and when those were the rules, they didn’t come near us, and we didn’t go near them, they hated us, and we hated them, we both were misinformed about the other. I know I said it before, but as much as I hated the idea of integration at first, I worked about 10, or 11 years before integration, and nearly 20 years after; those 20 years were much better than the first 10 or 11. I made a lot of friends, both black and white, and I know we would have missed out on a lot had we had stayed segregated.

By the way, Kenny, I only used the “N” word in this to help tell the story, I used the “N” word before desegregation, most people did, and as we grew, we learned the word left our vocabulary. The thing is once we learn, and once we know better, we either grew, or we didn’t and where we grew, things got better. There were people that chose to keep hating each other, and things continued down the road in the wrong direction. But for most of us things changed. I hope this helps tell the story, I didn’t want to sugar coat anything. That is a big problem today no one wants to tell it like it was, all anyone has to do though is read a newspaper from the 40’s to maybe about the mid to late 70’s.

Interesting, I spoke to a young lady that thinks this story was referring to her dad, she saw the story on this site and said her dad told her the same story for years as a kid, but from the African American Officer's point of view. He has since deceased, so I won't use his name, but I will say this, according to her, the African American officers of the time (from what her dad told her) were proud of being part of the police that broke the color barrier. They were the Jackie Robinson of the Baltimore Police Department. They put up with a lot of ugly times, to make things what they are today. I came on in 1987, I had several African American partners; race wasn’t an issue, we did our job, we fought together, laughed together and were friends. I can only imagine how it was for everyone involved and am glad to have come on when I did. We have come a long way.

If you have a story, pictures, or information you would like to add to the site, please send them our way... and as always thank you visiting our site.

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POLICE INFORMATION

Copies of: Your Baltimore Police Department Class Photo, Pictures of our Officers, Vehicles, Equipment, Newspaper Articles relating to our department and or officers, Old Departmental Newsletters, Lookouts, Wanted Posters, and or Brochures. Information on Deceased Officers and anything that may help Preserve the History and Proud Traditions of this agency. Please contact Retired Detective Kenny Driscoll.

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Devider color with motto

NOTICE

How to Dispose of Old Police Items

If you come into possession of Police items from an Estate or Death of a Police Officer Family Member and do not know how to properly dispose of these items please contact: Retired Detective Ken Driscoll - Please dispose of POLICE Items: Badges, Guns, Uniforms, Documents, PROPERLY so they won’t be used IMPROPERLY. 

Please contact Det. Ret. Kenny Driscoll if you have any pictures of you or your family members and wish them remembered here on this tribute site to Honor the fine men and women who have served with Honor and Distinction at the Baltimore Police Department.

Anyone with information, photographs, memorabilia, or other "Baltimore City Police" items can contact Ret. Det. Kenny Driscoll at  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. follow us on Twitter @BaltoPoliceHist or like us on Facebook or mail pics to 8138 Dundalk Ave. Baltimore Md. 21222

 Copyright © 2002 Baltimore City Police History - Ret Det Kenny Driscoll

The 1st Seal of Baltimore

Wednesday, 04 March 2020 06:38 Written by

The 1st Seal of Baltimore

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3ii

This seal is the Center Seal from a set of three Electrotypes
It was called The Sesqui-Centennial of Baltimore of 1880
and features what was known as the
Grand Old Seal of the City of Baltimore, designed in 1797

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The Maryland Seal and the Baltimore Arms

1 Nov 1880

For The Sun COSMOS 
The Sun (1837-1987); Nov 1, 1880; pg. 6

The Maryland Seal and the Baltimore Arms
In the Library of the City Hall you will find two electrotypes, one of which is called “The Seal of the State of Maryland” the other “The Coat of Arms of Lord Baltimore” and the maker of these electrotypes was mistaken in respect to both of them, for the one is not “The Seal of Maryland” nor is the other “Lord Baltimore Coat of Arms” the first is a copy of one side of the “Eventual Seal Of Maryland” not the seal of the state. And the other is a copy of the counter side of the same seal, with but little on it relating to Lord Baltimore’s Coat of Arms. (1) These misnamed electrotypes are placed at the right and left of another which represents that the Grand Old Seal of the City of Baltimore, made in 1797, and they should be taken away, for they stand out in the picture as falsehood in support of the truth. (2) History is too frequently falsified in marble and in bronze; monuments pierce the heavens transmitting falsehoods to posterity, and error is stereotyped in all the laboratories of the world. The Sesqui-Centennial of Baltimore was one of the grandest spectacles known in the history of North America, and it is to be regretted that so much blazonry of error was brought before the eyes of the people on that occasion. He who has seen the greater and lesser seals at arms of Lord Baltimore is not at a loss to know what is their Lordship’s coat of arms for on both these seals it is accurately blazoned. There you will see the Parly of six, Or and Sable, (3) the blend, counter-charge, and the two leopards, guardant, which are all the heraldic symbols of the coat of arms of the Lords Baltimore. The greater seal at arms is square; the lesser elliptic, and an impression in wax from the greater is to be seen at Annapolis, on the treaty made in 1760 in settlement of the boundary disputes between Penns and the Baltimore’s. There, and there only, can we hope to find a true impression from the blazonry of the coat of arms of the Baltimore. A certain motto, “Industry the Means – Plenty the Result,” painted on the arch at Baltimore and Howard Streets, is called Lord Baltimore’s motto, but, in fact, it is not at all probable that his lordship ever heard of such a motto. It was not a provincial motto, but one of the State originated in the Governor’s Council after the war of the revolution. It is to be hoped, therefore, that this motto will not be sent down to posterity to the credit of Lord Baltimore.
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21ii
Rare 1880 John Ryan Type Founders "First Seal of the City of Baltimore" 4.75" tall. Printers type Baltimore City Seal from an 1880 Sesqui-Centennial presentation set by John Ryan & Company Type Founders Baltimore Maryland. Very detailed with a female figure holding the scales of justice and a spear while the devil is at her feet.
2 Dec 1956
Mystery Seal
Paul A Sherwood
The Sun (1837-1987); Dec 2, 1956; pg. M30
Mystery Seal (4)
So far as historians know, to the official seals have been used by the city of Baltimore in the course of his history.
The familiar battle monument seal was officially adopted in 1827 and has been used ever since. Before that, the seal depicting the figure of Liberty overcoming irony was in use. It was adopted by an ordinance of 20 March 1797, and there are several impressions of it on documents still in existence.
The ordinance of 1797 mentions still another, an earlier seal which had been in use by the town commissioners. This early seal was to be the basis for the design of the 1797 seal after certain “necessary alterations” were made on it.
What the early seal look like and what the alterations were, the ordinance does not say, nor are there any known impressions of it.
Pictured is a copper plate which recently came into the hands of Robert F. Skutch a Baltimore antiquary. Mr. Skutch does not know the plate’s history, but he believes it may be one of the early forms of the seal.
Since it bears the date “1797” it is hardly possible that this was the seal of the town commissioners referred to in the ordinance. But it differs somewhat from the 1797 – 1827 seal the most important difference being the number of stars. The official seal had thirteen stars spaced around the edge but this one only has three. There is also some difference between the two on the position of the cap upon the spear.
The piece of copper resembles a printing plate, but the characters are not reversed as they would have been if they were used in printing.
What, then, is it? Wilbur Hunter, Dir. of Pearl Museum, thinks it may have been made as some kind of decoration. It bears some similarity to the type of ornaments once used on fire trucks and firemen helmets. It has two small holes on the back that might have been used for fastening it to something. But why three stars instead of thirteen?
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The Seal of Baltimore is the official government emblem of the city of Baltimore, Maryland. The current seal was adopted for use in 1827. The seal is in the shape of an ellipse with the image of the Battle Monument featured in its center. Around the inner edge of the ellipse are the words CITY OF BALTIMORE, while under the image of the Battle Monument is the year 1797, the year in which the city was first incorporated. Color versions of the seal are in black and gold, representative of the colors of the coat of arms of the Calvert family, a member of whom, Caecilius “Cecil” Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, founded the colony of Maryland.
The Battle Monument, located in Battle Monument Square on North Calvert Street between East Fayette, and East Lexington Streets in Baltimore, Maryland, commemorates the Battle of Baltimore with the British fleet's bombardment of Fort McHenry, the Battle of North Point, southeast of the city in Baltimore County on the Patapsco Neck peninsula and the stand-off on the eastern siege fortifications along Loudenschlager's Hill (later Hampstead Hill, in what is now Patterson Park, east of town. It honors those who died during the month of September 1814 during the War of 1812. The monument lies in the middle of the street and is between the two Baltimore City Circuit Courthouses that are located on the opposite sides of Calvert Street. It was sponsored by the City and the "Committee of Vigilance and Safety" led by Mayor Edward Johnson and Military Commanders: Brig. Gen. John Stricker, Maj. Gen. Samuel Smith and Lt. Col. George Armistead (of Ft. McHenry).
The site of the former first Baltimore County and Town/City Courthouse was originally designated as the location for the newly planned Washington Monument designed by Robert Mills of which the cornerstone had just been laid on the 4th of July, 1815. But fears that the designed shaft of the column would be too tall for the smaller open space of the old Courthouse Square and might fall over onto nearby close-in townhouses so caused a change in location. The monument site for the nation's first president was moved further north of the city into "Howard's Woods" of the "Belvedere" estate of Col. John Eager Howard (1752-1827).
The monument, designed by Baltimore architect J. Maximilian M. Godefroy (sculptor to the Court of Spain) and built in 1815-25, is 39 feet tall and is unusual in having an Egyptian Revival cenotaph base which suggests a tomb. The eighteen layers of the marble base represent the eighteen states that made up the United States at the time of the war. A Griffin is at each corner of the base, like our police ever on the watch, and always ready to protect our city. The column, carved as a Roman fasces, is bound with cords listing the names of soldiers who died during the battle, while the names of officers who died are at the top.
The monument is topped by a Carrara marble statue by Antonio Capellano of a female figure representing the City of Baltimore that wears a crown of victory and holds a laurel wreath in one hand and a ship's rudder in the other. It was hoisted to the top of the column during the middle of the period of construction on the eighth-anniversary ceremonies, Defenders Day, September 12, 1822. Colloquially called Lady Baltimore, the statue was relocated to the Maryland Historical Society on October 5, 2013, in order to preserve it from further damage caused by time and nature. It was replaced by a concrete replica.
The monument is depicted on the seal of the City of Baltimore that was adopted in 1827 and the city's flag adopted in the early 20th century.
The monument is erroneously depicted as being in Washington, D.C. in the film Live Free or Die Hard starring Bruce Willis, which had numerous scenes actually filmed in downtown Baltimore.
The Battle Monument was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 4, 1973. It is contained within the Business and Government Historic District and is within the Baltimore National Heritage Area.
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seal
The Great Seal of Baltimore City
Baltimore City was incorporated in 1797 (Chapter 68, Acts of 1796). As a governmental unit, the City separated from Baltimore County in 1851. The City's name was derived from the Proprietary's Irish Barony.
Baltimore's City's Seal was adopted in 1827. The seal is black and gold in color and contains the emblem of the Battle Monument in the center. Around the monument are inscribed the words, "City of Baltimore," and below the monument is the date, "1797."
The original town of Baltimore was established in 1729, with the Maryland Assembly's "Act for Erecting a Town on the north side of Patapsco, In Baltimore County, and for laying out into lots sixty acres of land..." This act recognized that Baltimore was a good place to load, unload, and sell various trade items. These lots were laid out in 1730, on sixty acres of land purchased from Charles and Daniel Carroll. By 1732, ten additional acres were added.
The flag of the city of Baltimore features the Battle Monument, a local monument erected 1815-1825 in the former courthouse square (at North Calvert Street, between East Fayette and Lexington Streets) to veterans of the War of 1812 during the British attack on September 12-14, 1814, on the city with the bombardment of Fort McHenry and the Battle of North Point along with the siege at the fortifications at Loudenschlager's Hill (now Hampstead Hill in Patterson Park in East Baltimore) which is also the central motif on the city's seal with the date of the city's incorporation of 1797 (port established 1706, town founded 1729, independent city separated from surrounding Baltimore County, 1851). The field is in the Calvert family colors and design, which also appear in the first and fourth quarters of the Maryland state flag.
The flag of the city of Baltimore features the "Battle Monument", which is also the central motif on the city's seal. The field is in the Calvert family colors and design, which also appear in the first and fourth quarters of the Maryland state flag.
The flag is blazoned as follows: Play of six Or and Sable, a bend counter-changed, on an inescutcheon Sable, within an orle of the first, a representation of Baltimore's Battle Monument Argent. Two other designs were submitted for consideration; both included the battle monument and the Calvert's arms.
Respondents to a 2004 survey sponsored by the North American Vexillological Association rated the Baltimore city flag 7.46 on a 10-point scale, making it the 18th best American city flag in the 150 flag survey of American cities.
Respondents to a 2004 survey sponsored by the North American Vexillological Association rated the Baltimore city flag 7.46 on a 10-point scale, making it the 18th best American city flag in the 150 flag survey.
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What if the Seal Didn't Change?

Might the 3rd Issue Badge have looked like This
1797 color

Or a More Modern Patch that Could have Resembled This
BCP HISTORY lady liberty patch 72

BALTIMORE SESQUICENTENNIAL CELEBRATION COLLECTION 1880
Prints and Photographs Division, Maryland Historical Society
201 W. Monument St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

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Might the 3rd Issue Badge have looked like This
1797 color
Or a More Modern Patch that Could have Resembled This
BCP HISTORY lady liberty patch 72
BALTIMORE SESQUICENTENNIAL CELEBRATION COLLECTION
1880
Prints and Photographs Division, Maryland Historical Society
201 W. Monument St.
Baltimore, MD 21201
Finding aid created by Katherine Cowan with funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, July 1999
History
The Baltimore Sesquicentennial was celebrated October 11-19, 1880, marking the 150th anniversary of the city's founding in 1730. With the leadership of Mayor Ferdinand C. Latrobe, the city paused to take stock of its growth with advancements in shipping and transportation, and its position relative to other cities in the region and nation, and to appreciate founders like Carroll, Howard, Patterson, Oliver, Stephenson, and Purviance, and recent luminaries like McDonogh, Peabody, and Hopkins.
The festivities included oration, tableaux, meetings, and music; five days of parades of groups including African American social organizations, Masons, school children, military organizations, fire and police departments, letter carriers, and telegraph messengers; concluding with an illumination of the city and pyrotechnic displays. Public schools were in recess for the entire week of October 11-15.
Note: Information on the Sesquicentennial was compiled from Pamphlets 4122 and 5186 in the Maryland Historical Society Library.
Collection Origin
Gift of the Hon. Henry Stockbridge, 1921.
Scope and Contents
The collection consists of 1 box with 11 folders containing ca. 40 photo-prints of the Sesquicentennial celebration made in 1880. Views are primarily Baltimore city streets, with monuments, hotels, stores, and business establishments decorated for the event. There are some group portraits and views of parades including floats. Many of the photographs are mounted onto board and are captioned and dated on the margin, identifying street locations and landmarks. Unmounted photographs are not captioned or dated.
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Anne Arundell, Lady Baltimore (1615-1649)
The Calvert women were often overshadowed by their sons or husbands, but a couple of individuals played important supporting roles in the formation and development of Maryland.
Anne Arundell was born in 1615 into an elite English family of noble lineage. Anne's father, Sir Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle in Wiltshire, England had served under King James I and her great-grandmother had been related by marriage to King Henry VIII.
Anne was reputed to be very beautiful, with many potential husbands. But in 1628 when she was only 13, she married Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore and a close friend of the family. Like the Calverts, Anne's family was Catholic, and her father was arrested a number of times because he refused to give up his religion. Cecil's marriage to Anne was fortunate for the creation of Maryland.
Anne inherited lands and money from her father which she and Cecil used to fund the new colony. But there was more to Anne than just her money. She played an important role in raising her son Charles, the future Lord Baltimore, as well as Cecil's younger half-brother Philip, who served as Governor and Chancellor of Maryland.
During her 20-year marriage to Cecil, Anne bore nine children, but only three lived to become adults. She was very well-loved and upon her death at age 34, her husband Cecil composed a memorial verse for her tomb in England in which he described her as "the most beautiful and best wife." The memorial continued, "Here lieth Anne Arundell, Lady Baltimore. Farewell to you most lovely of earthly beauties."
Although neither she nor her husband ever visited the colony that they helped found, Anne was very interested in Maryland. She decorated the ceiling of their home in England with plaster reliefs of the Ark and the Dove, the ships that brought the first colonists to Maryland.
Indirectly, Anne played an important role in the early years of Maryland, and she seems to have been well-loved and respected. In 1649, the Maryland Assembly chose to honor Anne after her death by naming Anne Arundel County after her.
City Hall Hinge 4i
 
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(1) - The first part of this article is referring to something not pictured, which was more State Seal related than the City Seal above. But for completeness, we kept the entire letter to the editor dated 1 Nov 1880

(2)
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This could help explain why many years later in a Sun Paper article they had this Grand Old seal of the City of Baltimore, separate from the set and done in a story as a mystery asking what the seal was

(3)
- "Or and Sable" refers to the correct colors on the seal, "Or" is the yellow/gold seen in the Calvert quarter of the Maryland flag. But, was often mistaken as an abbreviation for Orange, Sable is Black. Most say the reason Baltimore is often represented by the colors Orange and Black is due to an early printers error.
(4) - Clicking HERE will take you to the original 1952 article about this seal

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Please contact Det. Ret. Kenny Driscoll if you have any pictures of you or your family members and wish them remembered here on this tribute site to Honor the fine men and women who have served with Honor and Distinction at the Baltimore Police Department.

Anyone with information, photographs, memorabilia, or other "Baltimore City Police" items can contact Ret. Det. Kenny Driscoll at  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. follow us on Twitter @BaltoPoliceHist or like us on Facebook or mail pics to 8138 Dundalk Ave. Baltimore Md. 21222


Copyright © 2002 Baltimore City Police History - Ret Det Kenny Driscoll

deviders Line of duty injured

Citation of Valor
CoV


CITATION OF VALOR

Sworn members who have sustained gunshot wounds, stab wounds, or serious injury under aggravated and hostile circumstances which could result in death or permanent disability while acting in their official capacity are eligible for this award.  

Authority for the issuance of the Citation of Valor lies solely with the Police Commissioner.

It might be important to point out, that while these awards are being awarded “retroactively”, they are not “Retroactive Citation of Valor Awards”. The retroactive, only pertains to the method used to “apply” for them, and or to “issue” them; but that takes nothing away from the award, it is the “Citation of Valor” and your name is added to the current list of 157 others that have received this award, there will be no, Asterisk, no, side note, no nothing to indicate you received this in any way, other than anyone else on the list.

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Retroactive Citation of Valor Program

In 2004 while watching the Military Channel Mrs. Patricia Driscoll the wife of Retired Detective Kenny Driscoll, saw a show about the Purple Heart and the number of injured that never received their awards. The show went on to explain a program that was set up to grant these men and women their awards, "Retroactively." It explained that there is a certain amount of closure involved when a soldier is injured during combat and gets a Purple Heart, which those that are skipped over for the awards miss.

When taken out of combat due to an injury, and sent home, it gives a sense of never having completed the mission and as such the much-needed closure is never received. For years, these men and women walked around feeling as if they never finished the job. Many blaming themselves for their brothers having been killed, injured or having gone MIA in their absence. This brings on PTSD and survivors guilt, mixed with a lack of closure that could have been avoided with something as simple as an award to acknowledge their injuries, service, and sacrifice. An award to let them know their part of the mission is complete, they have done as much as they could, and the military recognizes their service as complete.

Lack of such recognition has been said to have caused issues that have lead to alcoholism, homelessness, and other mental health issues in these soldiers. A program has since been started to retroactively issue awards to those that could prove they were injured during combat. Mrs. Driscoll felt strongly that if she could get her "Retroactive Citation of Valor Program established" it would be necessary to follow the prerequisites for getting the award. She felt the rules should be followed, and that only those that could come up with proper documentation, police, hospital, newspaper or eye-witness reports would be eligible. With that she has always said, she would do all she could to try to help find said information by way of newspaper reports, and by going through the department if possible, but short of that she could nothing else to help them secure the award if the information was not there. We believe to have the award issued to our retired the qualifications for the award would have to be strictly adhered to. Mrs. Driscoll asked her husband and a large group of his friends (disabled, retired and some still active) for their advice. Before long she had a group of advisors, and they all agreed anyone getting this award, or any award for that matter should raise an award to new levels, and never lower its meaning or value for those that have worked so hard to have received the award before them.

This award is "issued" retroactively, but it is not the Retroactive Citation of Valor. There is only one Citation of Valor; the rules set forth to obtain this award are strict. It is awarded SOLEY at the discretion of the Police Commissioner; it is awarded only to Sworn members who have sustained Gunshot Wounds, Stab Wounds, or have who have received Serious Injuries Under Aggravated and or Hostile Circumstances which could result in Death or Permanent Disability while acting in their official capacity.

While these awards are being awarded “retroactively,” they are not a “Retroactive Citation of Valor Award.” The retroactive only pertains to the method used to “apply” for them, and or to the "issuance” of the award. But that takes nothing away from the award, it is the “Citation of Valor,” and your name is added to the current list of 158 others that have received this award. There will be no, Asterisk, no, side note, no nothing to indicate you received this in any way, other than anyone else on the list.

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Those that were injured and received the award are as Follows:

  1. Retired Det. Kenneth Driscoll - Approved, 5 April 2013 for injuries sustained 10 Aug 2001 - 110H01
  2. Retired Officer Gary Lapchak - Approved, 3 Feb 2014 for injuries sustained 28 Oct 1997 - 128J97
  3. Retired Officer Daryl Buhrman - Approved, 3 Feb 2014 for injuries sustained 8 Feb 1981 - 908B81

  4. Retired Officer Kenneth Driscoll - Approved, 21 June 2014 for injuries sustained in 1992 - 107E92
  5. Retired Sgt Robert Bigos - Approved, 21 June 2014 for injuries sustained 9 Sept 1995 - 109I95
  6. Retired Officer Lennell Robinson - Approved, 21 June 2014 for injuries sustained 17 April 1997 - 317D97
  7. Retired Officer Robert Cirello - Approved, 21 June 2014 for injuries sustained 7 Sept 2006 - 207I06
  8. Retired Sgt Edward Mattson - Approved, 5 April 2015 for injuries sustained 13 Oct 1970 - 313J70
  9. Retired Officer Kathy Irwin - Approved, 5 April 2015 for injuries sustained 20 Feb 1993 - 720B71
10. Retired Sgt Donald Voss   Approved, 17 April 2017 for injuries sustained 18 Jun 1972 - 918F72

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#1 - 1. Retired Det. Kenneth Driscoll - Approved 5 April 2013 for injuries sustained 10 Aug 2001 - On 10 Aug 2001 while acting Sergeant and assisting in the arrest of a suspect wanted for multiple Armed Carjacking's, Det Driscoll became involved in a foot chase, during which he fell several times, the first fall was into a ravine near the Jones Falls, where he fell a total of 40+ feet, the first 20ft of that was airborne, as was measured from his last foot step in the dirt to where he landed and bounced then rolled/slid another 20+ feet before coming to rest. As he was lying there for a brief second, he looked up and saw the suspect about 8 to 10 feet away from him getting up, and continuing to flee. So Ken quickly jumped to his feet and gave chase following him down a path, where the two had landed. Ken said he felt as though he may have broken or seriously injured his hip, or hips as his run was sloppy. Still, he ran another 1/4 mile, falling two, or more times, first of which was a 25 to 30ft drop, and then there was another that was between 18 and 20 ft. He had a stick from a tree, stabbed into his stomach that he pulled out, and dropped on the path as he ran after the suspect. When all was said and done, Det Driscoll broke his back, herniated several discs in his back, and neck, he broke and or sprained both wrists, lost the use of his left leg, and can no longer walk. In 2001 he was determined to be Monoplegic, with docs saying he would eventually become full on Paraplegic. With injuries so serious the Public Safety Officers' Benefits Program would investigate his case, and review his injuries before awarding Ken full PSOB Benefits, making him the first Baltimore City Police Officer to be awarded these benefits for a Disability, he was able to convert his house into the perfect place for him and his family to live in given his disabilities. He was also made a lifetime member of the Police Hall of Fame, where he has also issued a Purple Heart for this injury. The Commissioner agreed and on 5 April 2013 Approved the Citation of Valor for injuries sustained on 10 Aug 2001. 110H01

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#2 - 2. Retired Officer Gary Lapchak - 1997 - On the date in question Officer Lapchak was responding to a Sig 13 when he slipped on Baltimore's infamous marble steps blowing out his knee. But having heard the call for assistance, and knowing an officer was just inside the house and in need of assistance, Officer Lapchak made his way into the house anyway, providing the much-needed assistance. He was already injured, he wanted to make sure someone else would not be! Gary is a big guy 6'3"- 6'4" so sometimes his presence is enough to calm a room, other times, with his size, comes strength, and he has been forced to use it, in either case, Gary's appearance and strength helped prevent further injuries to a brother officer in need. I wish we had more paperwork on this, But we don't all we have 1st hand knowledge as Ken and Gary have been friends since Gary joined the force and Ken was working when this occurred. Further, in 2008/09 Ken nominated Gary for the Purple Heart from the Police Officers Hall of Fame in Florida, it was an older case, and they were reluctant to hear it, but after reading the events, and hearing Ken's strong feelings on the case, they agreed to take it to the board for a vote; Ken said he believes strongly in the value of awards, and that if given where they were not earned it diminishes the value of that award, in the case of Gary Lapchak, if he were awarded this award, it would not dimish the award at all; in fact it would do quite the opposite, an injured officer continuing on, so that he might help a brother officer in his time of need is about as heroic as one can get. After careful consideration, Officer Lapchak was awarded the Police Officer Hall of Fame's Purple Heart, and a lifetime membership to the Hall of Fame, and we think it would also be fitting to receive the department's equivalent of that Purple Heart and award him the Citation of Valor. The Commissioner agreed and on 3 Feb 2014 Approved the Citation of Valor for injuries sustained on 28 Oct 1997.  128J97

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#3 - 3. Retired Officer Daryl Buhrman - While there are numerous injuries that occurred between Feb 1981 and July of 1989. The first was the one that caused the bulk of Ret. Officer Buhrman injuries and re-injuries to be so severe that he has had a difficult time in walking, and working. Those events read like something from a TV movie, as Ret. Officer Buhrman was working the Southern District 963 post (a foot post) when he saw a fight in which the main aggressor was armed with a knife. This outside Baltimore's famous Hammer-Jack's nightclub, upon seeing the officer the armed suspect fled on foot across a parking lot over a fence through a field and onto an adjoining parking lot when it appeared as though the suspect had run far enough and could go no further, Ret. Officer Buhrman at this point had his man, or so he thought, as he went to arrest him things became ugly, violence had erupted into something he had never expected, and surely didn't see coming. To this day he doesn't know if it was set up in advance, or if it was just a case of wrong place, wrong time, but as he went to arrest the suspect, he was jumped by the suspects buddies, then the suspect also turned on him and Ret. Officer Buhrman was beaten, kicked punched and finally forced to the ground where they jumped on his left knee. Ret. Officer Buhrman never gave up, and eventually, would manage to get everyone on the ground with him, where he cuffed those he could and recovered the knife that was the cause of the chase. All of this reported under cc 9B41629 Feb 1981. It has been a long time since this injury took place, and the aggravated injuries that came as a result of re-injury - I hope you can see in this what we see and while it is sometimes hard to see, we have talked to Ret. Officer Buhrman and feel he deserves of this award, we hope you will agree. The Commissioner agreed and on 3 Feb 2014 Approved the Citation of Valor for injuries sustained on 8 Feb 1981. 908B81

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#4 - 4. Retired Officer Kenneth Driscoll - In this case Officer Driscoll was injured in the line of duty in the Spring of 1992 as he was assigned to the Central District Patrol and working Sector 3, 1A37 car and came across an on-view Signal 13 in the 2200 Blk of McCulloh St. As he entered the house he was informed the suspect was high on drugs and violent, rounding a corner in a hallway he saw a suspect standing over an officer striking and him from behind; Ken has always had respect for the department and his brothers, as such without thinking he quickly ran up behind the suspect, where with the use of an Espantoon he was able to quickly take the fight out of the suspect, and cuff him before he  realized what had happened, and by then he didn't have enough left in him to issue a threat to the officers. As Officer Driscoll was assisting the suspect out to an awaiting wagon, the family whom this suspect had just been beating before the first officer's arrival, decided they wanted to get their licks in on him, so they attacked him, pushing him, and Officer Driscoll out the front door, and off the second floor porch area down to the street. Ken dislocated his shoulder, he went to the ER where doctors did all they could but because Ken did as all police do after falling to the ground, he stood up and shook it off, the doctor missed the fact that he had dislocated his shoulder and reset it, but reset it improperly. It would take nearly a year to find the injury, and by then a surgery was needed to fix a serious shoulder injury. His arm had never healed properly, and a portion of his clavicle had to be removed. This injury played a large role in a later injury that left him wheelchair bound, and at the time nearly ended his career. Recently Ken was upgraded from Monoplegic for a 2001 injury, to Paraplegic for the addition of this injury. They are two separate injuries. One took Ken's left leg, the other took his left arm, I think you would agree this injury, has left Ken not only unable to use his left leg, but when added to, and aggravating now unable to fully use his left arm/hand. Ken was written up for and received a Citation of Valor for the injuries that would eventually lead to his left leg becoming paralyzed, in writing that up this incident was partially described, and someone from the department that is involved in this program recommended writing up this portion of the injuries too, as they are separate, serious and at the time nearly ended ken's career. Ken was considered Monoplegic; like paraplegic means, two limbs, and quadriplegic means four, monoplegic means one limb… The effects of Ken's injuries have increased, and his condition has recently been advanced to paraplegic, a permanent disability, in which his left arm/hand and left leg are too weak to consider anything by paralyzed. The case was reviewed and the Commissioner agreed this was a separate incident; and an incident with injuries stemming from a line of duty incident that was so severe, he was issued a Citation of Valor. - The Commissioner agreed and on 21 June 2014 and Approved the Citation of Valor for injuries sustained in Spring of 1992  107E92

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#5 - 5. Retired Sgt Robert Bigos - On 9 Sept 1995, at 1315 Sgt Robert Bigos was involved in a violent struggle with a suspect during which his knee was blown out requiring several surgeries which ultimately cost him his job forcing him into an early retirement. To this day he still suffers the side effects of being disabled due to injuries that have left him disabled as a result of this Line of Duty Injury. For this, we felt he was within the guidelines of the Citation of Valor, with that the Commissioner was contacted, the same was explained to him and he agreed that the Sergeants injuries were serious enough to warrant his receiving this award.  -  The Commissioner agreed and on 21 June 2014 Approved the Citation of Valor for injuries sustained on 9 Sept 1995  109I95

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#6 - 6. Retired Officer Lennell Robinson - 1997 - Officer L Robinson was injured in the line of duty on 17 Apr, 1997, as he was assigned to the Eastern District street crimes unit and was struck by a drunk driver on said date at which time he received multiple compound fractures to his left leg and nerve damage his left hand resulting in numerous surgeries and rehabilitation. Due to his line of duty injury, he was forced to retire in 1999 from the department but was never awarded the Citation of Valor. We believe he should have been awarded this award and fully deserves it. I hope you will agree, and I thank you for taking the time to review this Award - Patricia Driscoll - The Commissioner agreed and on 21 June 2014 Approved the Citation of Valor for the injuries sustained on 17 April 1997  317D97

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#7 - 7. Retired Officer Robert Cirello - On 7 Sept 2006, at 2154 Officer Cirello was patrolling Patterson Park, he observed two suspicious subjects, up exiting his car to investigate he was struck in the head with an unknown object, shortly after which he felt a burning in his chest, realizing he had been shot he returned fire on the two subjects. Other officers began arriving on scene and found Officer Cirello sitting next to his patrol car, he was bleeding from a head wound, Officer Cardwell, found him bleeding and heard him saying he was shot, The officer checked and found he was shot in the chest, but the bullet didn't penetrate the vest, with that all attention was focused on the head injury. As a result of his injuries, he was taken to Shock Trauma where he was treated and eventually released. Due to his injuries, he would retire from the department but was never awarded the Citation of Valor. We believe he should have been awarded this award and fully deserves it. I hope you will agree, and thank you for taking the time to review this Award - Patricia Driscoll - The Commissioner agreed and on 21 June 2014 Approved the Citation of Valor for the injuries sustained on 7 Sept 2006  207I06

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#8 -8. Retired Officer Edward Mattson - On 13 Oct 1970 was a Tuesday, during a demonstration at Baltimore City Jail a riot broke out, where more than 20 people were arrested, many for what might seem to be a simple charge of Failing to Obey a Lawful Order, but others for things like Inciting a Riot, and still others of Assaulting police and worse one was charged with Attempted Murder. As Ret Sergeant Mattson was trying to maintain order and that riot broke he grabbed his Prisoner Mr. Lively, (Walter Lively, Junior, 28 of the 800 block of North Broadway, the former director of the Baltimore urban coalition and a self-described organizer for Milton Allen, the Democratic states attorney candidate.) during the struggle, Sgt Mattson's Espantoon was taken by someone in the crowd and Mr. Lively was assaulting Sgt Mattson with a homemade club fashioned from a 2x4) Having been struck in the head Sgt Mattson was saved by then Major Tony Glover who arrived after a 13 was called. Sgt Mattson had to undergo numerous surgeries, and to be quite honest has not been the same since. It has affected his thoughts and outlook on life. Still, Sgt Mattson is proud to have been a Baltimore Police Officer and Sergeant, and we are proud to have followed in his footsteps. These events took place 44 years ago, and we feel the time has come so it is with this information that we hope you will agree, Retired Officer Edward Mattson meets the requirements of and deserves the Citation of Valor. - The Commissioner agreed and on 5 April 2015 Approved the Citation of Valor for the injuries sustained on 13 Oct 1970  313J70

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#9 -9. Retired Officer Kathy Irwin - On 20 Feb 1993 Officer Kathy Irwin was affecting an arrest on a Shoplifter when she was violently attacked and assaulted, so severe were her injuries that she was not only forced to retired 66/2/3 Line of Duty, but she also became a major part of the argument for state laws to be changed, making Assault on Police a felony. Often crimes like this that affect the lives of our officers become lost in the paperwork, we forget there is an officer, a person, a member of our Baltimore Police family, that has not only lost the ability to do the job they love, but that may also never work again, and often these officers, forced into retirement feel as though they have been thrown out, across the country disabled police almost all say the same thing, "It felt like I was put out with the garbage!" and yet anyone one of them would do whatever was asked of them to be part of that family they love so much…. Kathy was no different, she was injured, she was rejected, and when duty called for her to testify in Annapolis to have Assault On Police become the Felony that it is today, instead of the misdemeanor or common law crime it used to be. Kathy also often does things like run Bull and Oster Roasts to help officers in distress may have been taken out of the Police Department, but the police department has not been taken out of her. She still bleeds blue, this based on her injuries how they came about and the results, still to this day she suffers chronic pain but still to this day would do anything for her brothers and sisters active or retired she was there. She was serving her brothers and sisters. With this information, I hope you will agree Retired Officer Kathy Irwin meets the requirements of and deserves the Citation of Valor- The Commissioner agreed and on 5 April 2015 Approved the Citation of Valor for the injuries sustained on 20 Feb 1993  720B71

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#10 -10. Retired Sergeant Donald Voss -18 June 1972 - Three Police Injured in Melee
The Sun (1837-1989); Jun 19, 1972; pg. C20 - Three police injured in melee Crowd of 300 in Cherry Hill Hurls Rocks
A police officer was knocked unconscious, and two others were injured yesterday (18 June 1972) in a stone-throwing melee that resulted in two arrests. The incident occurred at 7:20 P.M. when a crowd of about 300 persons gathered in the 2500 block Norfolk Street, Cherry Hill. As police officers attempted to capture a handcuffed escaped from the Maryland Training School for Boys. Fifty police officers were summoned to deal with the crowd, which dispersed about 8:30 Taunted Officer During the melee persons in the crowd taunted the officers and threw rocks at them. Most seriously injured was Sgt. Ronald Voss, of the Southern district, who was beaten and kicked unconscious as he attempted to aid another officer who had handcuffed two girls. The handcuffed girls fled during the struggle. Also injured were Patrolman Edward Eilerman and Patrolman Richard Curley. All three officers were taken to Mercy Hospital where Patrolmen Eilerman and Curley were reported, in satisfactory condition and Sergeant Voss in fair condition. Two juveniles were arrested. A police spokesman said the incident, the second major attack on police in as many weeks, was unprovoked and apparently spontaneous. End of Article

Sgt Voss would complain of pain, headaches and other difficulties brought on by this attack. His complaints would be heard for nearly two years, when on 7 July 1974, as he was pondering one of the most difficult decisions in his career, he would receive a notice from the medical section ordering him to report to Church Home Hospital for evaluations and testing. It seems someone up above made his mind up for him that he was not meant to go out on the Baltimore Police Strike. He said he was leaning heavily toward crossing the line and continuing to do his job, but before his mind could be completely made up, he received a letter from medical section ordering him to respond to the hospital where he would be admitted and kept for nearly two weeks for observations and testing. After testing, he would continue working, but due to complications from his injuries, he was advised again by a medical section that it was time for him to put in for his retirement. To this day Sgt Ronald Voss continues to have complications brought on by the injuries of that attack on 18 June 1972. We have the newspaper articles to support these claims, therefore based on the requirements of this award we recommend Retired Sergent Ronald Voss for the Citation of Valor, and we hope you will agree. The Commissioner agreed and on 17 April 2017 Approved the Citation of Valor for the injuries sustained on 18 June 1972  918F72

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A list compiled by Officer Robert P. Brown, (Bobby Brown) Southern District, of recipients of this prestigious award. This award was started by Commissioner Donald Pomerleau in 1972 but he went back to 1966 to include those persons that could have received this award. BOLD indicates that they were shot or severely wounded but could not find anything about the Citation of Valor on them.
** Indicates that they were awarded the Medal of Honor as well.

Name of Recipients / Rank / Date of Injury

Edward D. Siebor - P/O - 1967
Richard Webb - P/O - 1967
Sterling H. Fletcher- Sgt - 1969
John E. Lewis - P/O - 1969
Wiley M. Owens - P/O - 1969
Charles L. Kirk - P/O  - 1970
Stanley Sierakowski - Sgt - 1970                        
Joseph Michael - P/O - 1970
James L. McFillin Jr. - P/O - 1970
Daniel J. Calhoun - Sgt - 1970
Edward Mattson - Sgt - 1970
William C. Mack - P/O - 1971
Frederick W. Dickens - P/O - 1971
Charles P. Smith - P/O  - 1971
Jan D. Walters - P/O - 1972
James H. Harris - P/O - 1972
Darrell D. Duggins - Lt - 1972
Joseph J. Kaczynski - P/O - 1972
George L. Deares - P/O - 1972
Francis Hoyt - P/O - 1972
Donald Voss - Sgt - 1972
Thomas Whalen - P/O - 1973
Donald F. Haupt - Lt - 1973
Charles A. Walker - Det - 1973
Raymond J. Clements - P/O - 1974
Gary Dresser  ** - P/O  - 1974
Glenn Hauze - P/O  - 1974
Joseph E. Hlafka - P/O - 1974
Alric K. Moore - P/O - 1974
Theodore E. Staab - P/O - 1975
Alvin E. Martin - P/O - 1976
John A. Swiec - P/O - 1976
Calvin Mencken - P/O - 1976
Charles Mitchell - P/O  - 1976
Neil C. Splain - P/O - 1976
Andrew F. Leso - P/O - 1977
Joseph E. Wolfe - P/O  - 1978
Clayton Wright - P/O - 1978
Lawrence B. Bennett - P/O - 1978
Wardell James - P/O - 1978
Michael Dunn - P/O - 1979
Charles T. Nelson - P/O - 1979
William D. Albers - P/O - 1979
David Garayoa - P/O - 1979
Michael J. Cassizzi - P/O - 1979
John H. Miller - P/A - 1979
William J. Surratt -  P/O - 1979
Thomas Lewis - P/O  - 1980
Charles H. Benjamin - P/O - 1980
Ralph E. Greaves - P/O - 1980
Durwood A. Hood Jr. - P/O - 1980
James V. Weglein - P/O  - 1980
Robert S. Schmelz III - P/O - 1981
Daryl Buhrman Ret Officer - 1981
Charles M. Frye - P/O - 1982
Raymond A. Howard - P/O - 1983
David L. Williams - P/O - 1983
William H. Bessling - P/O - 1983
Theodore Black - P/O - 1984
James Clark - P/Oe - P/O - 1984
Donna M. Cooper - P/O - 1984
John C. McNamara - P/O - 1984
John F. Baker - Sgt - 1984
Jesse J. McClain Jr. - P/O - 1984
Stephen D. Martin - P/O - 1985
David L. Williams - P/O - 1985
John F. Heiderman - P/O - 1985
Terrance P. McLarney - Sgt - 1985
Timothy F. Wade - P/O - 1986
Paul Renaud - P/A - 1986
David R. Dull - P/O - 1987
Paul C. Dunn - P/O  - 1987
Roy. N. Grant - P/O - 1987
Thomas E. Martini - P/O - 1987
Eugene J. Cassidy   ** - P/A - 1987
Jeffrey C. Wright    ** - Lt - 1988
Denise M. Monaghan - P/O - 1988
Guy E. Gerstel ** - P/O - 1988
Alfred Brown - P/A  - 1988
Vincent Moore - P/O - 1989
Herman Brooks ** - P/O - 1989
William J. Martin ** - P/O - 1989
Graham B. Sylvester - P/O - 1990
Carl E. Trogdon - P/O - 1990
Harry G. Harcum - P/O - 1990
Bryan T. Donahue - P/O - 1990
Lamont D. Bivens - P/O - 1990
Michael J. Johnson - P/O - 1990
Gerald M. Hensley - P/O - 1991
Michael H. Waudby - LT  - 1991
David C. Cheuvront II - P/O - 1992
Samuel Bosley - P/O - 1992
Jimmy Young - P/O - 1992
Ira N. Weiner ** - P/O - 1992
Frederick J. Dillon - P/O - 1992
Andrew Snakowsky -  P/A 1992
Kenneth Driscoll Ret Det. - 1992
Gregory A. Jenkins - P/O - 1993
Daniel Brown - P/O - 1993
Hezzie T Sessomes - Sgt - 1993
Herman Jones - P/O - 1993
Kathy Irwin Conrad - P/O 1993
Antonio L. Murray - P/O - 1994
Eric Dawson - P/O - 1994
Kevin Baskette - P/O - 1994
Charles A. Seward  Jr. - P/O - 1994                                                       
Donald Schultz - P/O  - 1995
Bob Bigos Ret Sgt - 1995
Charles D. Carroll - P/O - 1996
Christopher M. Street - Sgt. - 1996
Owen E. Sweeney Jr.   ** - LT - 1997
Gary Lapchak Ret Officer - 1997
Lennell Robinson Ret. Det. 1997
Michael Wingler - Sgt - 1998
Jerry K. Weaver - P/A  - 2000
Kevon Malik Gavin Sr. ** - P/O - 2000
David F. Azur - Det - 2000
Michael J. Cowdery ** - P/A - 2001
Ronald A. Beverly   ** - P/O - 2001
Anthony R. Molesky  ** - P/O - 2001
Willie W. Grandy - P/O - 2001
Kenneth Driscoll - Ret. Det. - 2001
Christopher B. Houser - P/O - 2002
James L. Howard - P/O - 2002
Robert J. Adams - Det - 2002
James S. Guzie - P/O  - 2002
Steven Henson - P/O  - 2002
Michael H. Smith - Det - 2002
Thomas Newman  ** - Det - 2002
Paul E. Thompson - P/O  - 2003
Christian Schaeffer - P/O  - 2003
John R. Dolly Jr. - P/O - 2004
Brian Winder ** - P/O - 2004
Andrew Lane - P/O - 2005
Joseph Banks - P/O  - 2005
Robert T. Hayes - P/O - 2005
Robert Cirello Ret. Officer - 2006
Troy L. Chesley ** - Det. - 2007
David Hare - P/O - 2007
Jemell Rayam - P/O - 2007
Loretta Francis - P/O - 2007
Karen Brzowsky - P/O - 2007
Steven Mahan - P/O - 2007
Krzystof Gelsa - P/O - 2007
Pedro Perez - P/O - 2008
Anthony Jobst - P/O - 2008
Hayden Gross - P/O - 2008
Mark Spila - P/O - 2008
Dante Arthur - P/O - 2009
Thomas R. Portz Jr. - P/O - 2010
Todd Strohman - P/O - 2010
Daniel Harper ** - P/O - 00-00-0000
Kurt Roepcke - Sgt - 00-00-0000
Matthew McClenahan - P/O - 00-00-0000
Michael Rice - P/O - 00-00-0000
Jordan Moore - P/O  - 00-00-0000
Keith Romans ** - P/O - 03-21-2010

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Please contact Det. Ret. Kenny Driscoll if you have any pictures of you or your family members and wish them remembered here on this tribute site to Honor the fine men and women who have served with Honor and Distinction at the Baltimore Police Department.

Anyone with information, photographs, memorabilia, or other "Baltimore City Police" items can contact Ret. Det. Kenny Driscoll at  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. follow us on Twitter @BaltoPoliceHist or like us on Facebook or mail pics to 8138 Dundalk Ave. Baltimore Md. 21222

Copyright © 2002 Baltimore City Police History - Ret Det Kenny Driscoll

 

Traffic Lights

Wednesday, 05 February 2020 23:03 Written by

- Traffic Lights

SEMAPHORE

 Semaphore

Traffic lights got their start with man operated Police Officer Posted Semaphore Devices, initially using what was known as the, "Go Go - Stop Stop" system, which was a Semaphore system of sorts, a pole with two intersecting signs, when turned one way it would say Go - Go and turned 90 degree to change it to saying Stop - Stop. Later they added a railroad lantern with Green and Red lenses to match with the Go Go - Stop Stop. There was also some debate as to whether we needed a two color or three color system, NYPD chiefs of police argued for a simple two color system, while Baltimore Police Commissioner Charles D. Gaither felt without a third color to warn traffic that Red was coming, we would end up with cars that were turning left stranded in intersections, likewise pedestrians left standing in the middle of a crosswalk. So he argued for and gained the support of Triple A to have an Amber light between the Green and Red light so as to give pedestrians and left turning vehicles fair warning. These colors would play an important role in another lighting system Commissioner Gaither was working on at the time, and that was his Police Call Box Recall Light System. Using spare nautical lighting, for the Recall Lights, his options were limited to Red, Green, White and Amber and Blue. He initially had Green and Red but feared from a distance an officer might mistake it for a traffic light, Not to mention around this same time, the automatic traffic light was being introduces, and in Baltimore like DC these lights were placed on the corner. To drivers new to this system, distinguishing between a traffic light, and a police Recall Light was often confusing. So while there were some Green and Red recall lights in the initial testing most of the red and green lenses were replaced relatively quickly. For a short time they used some blue lenses, but ran into issues of cost, at the time the Cobalt used to make blue glass was expensive and as such Blue was also eliminated. White, or Clear glass as it would have been was not even considered (though in a pinch would have been used with a colored bulb) They felt clear with a white bulb might blend in too much with street lights. So the color finally settled on was Amber. One might think it would provide the same issues found with Red and Green, except the Amber used was more of a Tan/Brown color whereas the Amber used on Traffic lights was as it is today most often described as Yellow. Over the years we had some Red lights from early in the program, and some Blue, but most commonly found is the Amber lens. Some old news articles wrote of the Green light, but in our research we found they were very early on and most if not all were replaced before the 1930s Anyway this page is more geared toward the traffic light and how it got its start here in Baltimore. 

1 black devider 800 8 72 The Baltimore Sun Mon Apr 19 1915 traffic light72

Semaphore

The Evening Sun Thu Jan 27 1916 72

Baltimore's First Semaphore & The Traffic Officers that Worked Them

1915 18 April 1915 - Patrolman William E. Hartley demonstrated his new traffic signal out at the intersection of Park Heights and Belvedere Avenues where it was met with the expectations of the Police department. The patrolman's device was described as follows. The signal was painted red on two sides, with the word "STOP" in bold white letters. When the sign is reversed, traffic is open and when the red side is displayed traffic is closed. The signal saves the officer operating it the trouble of blowing of a whistle, or raising his hands to keep traffic moving.

1916  – 26 January 1916 - The Police Board ordered 25 semaphores for street crossing - A further step in regulating street traffic by the police department was taken yesterday [26 Jan 1916] when a new semaphore [Baltimore's first] was stationed at Howard and Lexington Streets to guide vehicles. This system was first used and tested by Patrolman Thomas Oursler of Baltimore's Traffic Division and witnessed by Marshal Carter, Deputy Marshal House, President of Police Board of commissioners Daniel Ammidon, and several members of Baltimore's Safety First Federation. This is the original system which was composed of two large green signs with the words "GO" and two intersecting red signs that read "STOP." It was operated via a pole inside of a pole that was stopped by a small handle, allowing the officer a way of turning that handle to change the indication for intersecting traffic to have in their view either the green "GO" signs or the red "STOP" signs. These were later surrounded by a white metal drum that the patrolman could stand inside of making him more visible to traffic. Eventually, they would include an umbrella to both keep the patrolman dry on rainy days and cool on hot sunny days by providing him with some shade. Sitting on top of this Semaphore was a four-way railroad lantern converted for traffic use with the addition of two red lenses and two green lenses so that in low light dusk and dawn drivers could more easily read the Stop and Go signs and follow the traffic patterns directed by the patrolmen that worked these Semaphores.

Howard and Lexington Streets were the first to be added in that January of 1916 and one of the last removed in late May early June of 1920 by Col. Chas Gaither, who went back to the whistle and point control that we see being used today. The public at the time thought the Semaphores were safer and argued to get them back. For pedestrian safety Traffic Officers were instructed to stop cars four feet behind the building line to allow room for pedestrians to more safely cross the streets.

1920  – 7 June 1920 not long after Gaither ordered the removal of the Semaphores the Commissioner was forced to go back on his ideas and as such he ordered two of the Semaphores to be returned, those units were located at the intersections of Light and Redwood, and Light and Pratt Streets. Gaither said he had not changed his mind about the Semaphores, but in checking the locations, he felt there was sufficient room between the corners of the intersections for traffic to move through without interference from the Semaphores.

1922 – 18 July 1922 – Traffic Officers will be allowed to appear coatless on job while wearing attractive white Oxford Shirts. These officers will start wearing long sleeve white Oxford shirts with a low, turned-down collar and a black tie as they preside to direct traffic on their assigned street corners.

1925 – 6 June 1925 – General Charles Gaither issued an order, effective, 6 June 1925 all members of the Baltimore Police Department who are on duty between 8 A.M. and 4 P.M. may remove their coats provided they are wearing a white Oxford shirt, and a black tie. This privilege has been granted for the previous two years for department’s traffic officers.

1930  – 19 June 1930 Baltimore Police try a new system for regulating east and westbound traffic on Pratt Street independently; at the intersection of Light Street, was given a trial period to eliminate traffic jams, that were being reported by Inspector George Lurz. Pratt and Light Streets according to statistics compiled by the traffic division showed the location to be among the busiest in the city during daylight hours for vehicular traffic. At the time the control system was confusing by allowing east and westbound traffic to move simultaneously. Westbound traffic was making a left-hand turn onto Light Street interfering with eastbound traffic. So a 3-way Semaphore was being planned to control the traffic better using members of the Traffic Division that would be stationed in the tower at the intersection. The department believed this to be the answer to the problem at what was at the time described as a confusing intersection. The intersection was controlled by a single officer using the old hand controlled Semaphore which was designed with Red-STOP and Green-GO. What made this system a, "3-way system" is where other arrangements have Green-GO, Red-STOP, they added Amber-CAUTION. With its intent is to warn drivers on Green that they are approaching an intersection that is about to change to Red. These 3-way signals were placed on all four sides of the Semaphore Tower. The Red and Green Lights have been helpful, but the addition of the Amber Light has been the answer to a lot of problems throughout the city as it pertains to traffic patterns. This was especially true of confusing or busy intersections. So basically, what they were calling a "Three-Way System," was Baltimore's introduction of the Amber Light to the Red and Green Lights.

1935  – July of 1935 After learning of a system put into place in Hartford Connecticut, Baltimore's Traffic Division would add radio's to Semaphores at strategic locations throughout our city. With this they could receive up to the minute information on stolen cars [or tag plates] wanted people that could be coming their way. Even more helpful in the possible saving of Baltimore lives was how they arraigned to set things up so that we could share information with Baltimore City's Fire Department. When provided, information on active fires, our Traffic Officers could control traffic patterns thereby clearing intersections, making it easier for fire equipment to more quickly get to the scene of active fires, or medical emergency.

1951  – End of August 1951  the Enclosed Box/Booth style, and or Tower style Semaphores [seen in the attached 1951 photos] that were initially introduced in 1924 and last used in August of 1951. These Box/Booth style units came in the style that looked like a phone booth, or another version that had the box/booth affixed on top a tower.

1956 – 29 June 1956 – Casual But Official, Patrolman Donald Miller displayed the latest open-neck short-sleeve police shirts that would be worn for the remainder of the [1956] summer by Baltimore's officers. Police officials stressed that only a specific model Oxford shirt has been approved, thereby eliminating the danger of patrolmen selecting the more brightly colored type shirts of their liking.

1 black devider 800 8 72

tc

 A Semaphore with a Booth

The Evening Sun Thu Jan 27 1916 72 1

Gaither ordered two of the Semaphores that had been taken out of service to be returned. 

Downtown Traffic Policeman Charles and Pratt1921

Semaphore Booth with a Green and Red Railroad Lantern affixed to the top of the Semaphore above the Go--Go Stop-Stop Signs called that because to on coming traffic they either saw Go-Go or Stop-Stop atop the sign as they entered the intersection

1 black devider 800 8 72

The Evening Sun Thu Aug 30 1951 72

Traffic Control Traffic Control System

s l1600 1920 Semaphore

This was donated to us by a guy in Middleton, Idaho who appreciates the hard work our police do and where we have come from in history t be where we are today. Looking at the history of our traffic division, you have to admire what these guys have done to fine tune the system we have today, this photo shows, the umbrella we used to keep out police out of the weather, or even just to keep the sun off of them. But what we like best about this pic is the rear-view mirror used to allow our officers the ability to see where traffic is coming from behind him and in front of him, making the direction of these vehicles as safe as possible. Something we don't think about often is what was going on back then when it comes to transportation. this was taken sometime in the late teens early 20s a time when horse-drawn wagons were in use, gasoline engines, some electric cars, streetcars, horses etc. So they had a lot going on, and this man like an orchestra conductor directing a musical performance music, he was directing traffic and if you think of all that could go wrong, especially at a time when traffic lights were not in full use, and in fact, the Semaphore was really just getting started. The add-ons and extras like an umbrella and rear-view mirror show just how far we have come. We thank for the donor for caring about police and our history so much that they would donate an important part of history. 

Go Go Stop Stop rearview and Umbrellacrop

Close-up of the shot above shows a rear-view mirror for the Go-Go Stop-Stop traffic officer. The pic above shoes he also had an umbrella for the sun/rain and stood on a pallet to keep him off the street, he also has a drain not far off to the side of him so the pallet may have had a second purpose 

tdTraffic booth and Officers directing traffic at Liberty and Lexington Streets

1 black devider 800 8 72

Traffic Lights, Intersections, Vehicles and Pedestrians Lead to Crosswalks

We would have a difficult time introducing the traffic light if we couldn't introduce the crosswalk. Baltimore started using our crosswalk system in 1914, intersections on Baltimore Street from the Fallsway to Howard Street, and on Howard from Baltimore Street to Franklin, would receive these thick white line telling pedestrian where they needed to be when crossing the streets in this part of town. The concept seen in Cleveland and Detroit could be seen first on these downtown streets, but before long they would be on nearly every major intersection in the city. The Goal was to save lives, as more and more cars came into the city and these cars were being made to go faster and faster, those on foot needed to earn to interact with these machines in a uniform, and safe manor.

WALK THE STRAIGHT AND NARROW PATH 15 Nov 1914 72

Baltimore St and Charles St
1914

15 November 1914


WALK THE STRAIGHT AND NARROW PATH

VINCENT FITZPATRICK The Sun (1837-1989); SN1

Walk the Straight and Narrow Path

What are those white lines painted on the street, stretching right across the asphalt, mean? Scores asked the men who were painting, hundreds have looked at them, stopped and wondered.

Thousands who walk through the business district of the city have noticed recently at the street intersections of Baltimore Street from the Fallsway to Howard Street, and on Howard from Baltimore Street to Franklin, these heavy white lines on all four sides of the intersecting streets. The lines extend from curb to curb, those on the north and south sides of the street running East and West, and those on the east and west sides of the streets running north and south.

One of the lines on each side runs coincident with the building line; the other with the curb between these lines all Baltimoreans who use Shanks’ mare as their mode of traveling must walk in the future. There is to be no “cutting catty-corner” at these intersections. Everyone must hew to the line or the policemen stationed at these crossings will know the reason why.

In Cleveland and Detroit.

In other words, Baltimore is about to inaugurate an arrangement in the way of handling the traffic situation that has been in vogue for some time in the number of large cities of the country.

Those who have visited Cleveland and Detroit have undergone the experience of being held up by the policeman at the crossing when they attempt to scoot diagonally from one corner of the street to another. They had to go around about way, and perhaps some of them have murmured at what they thought of as a useless and childish procedure. In some of these cities, the lines are not used, while in others there is quite an involved system of lines. Which it takes a little time to puzzle out. In all of these cities the adoption of either the line system or that used, for example, in Cleveland, where the police simply directed the way the Pedestrian shall go, has been rewarded with beneficial results in the saving of life and limb.

In Baltimore, in the last five years, the toll of life and limb exacted by streetcars, automobiles and other vehicles has been considerable. Perhaps 50 persons have been killed or died from their injuries. It is doubtful if, in all this list, there can be found a verdict given by a coroner’s jury in which the victim of the accident was not blamed to some extent for carelessness. In every instance, it seems to have been a case where the person who was killed steps to directly in the path of the automobile or the trolley car, and that the motorman or the chauffeur had no time to bring his car or automobile to a stop.

Often there have been no disinterested witnesses to the accident. The victim’s lips are sealed by death. The person who ran him down naturally testifies in his own defense. With conditions existing as they are in Baltimore today, it is a wonder that more persons are not killed or injured. There are always some few persons so careless and driving automobiles and other vehicles that they are a constant danger to pedestrians. As long as some men will not respect the rights of others and as long as many people are so careless of their own protection, the city must step to the defense of those who either cannot or will not take care of themselves.

The Way It Works

The layout of these lines is regarded as an important step toward the better handling of traffic. City engineer McKay is initiating the innovation. He will shortly write a letter to the board of police commissioners asking them to have the members of the Police Department cooperate with city authorities in seeing that the new plan is carried out.

When that system is put in force a person wishing to cross, say from the south-west side of Baltimore and Charles streets to the northeast corner of Baltimore and Charles streets, will have to walk east on the south side of Baltimore Street to the southeast corner of the intersecting streets and thence North to his objective point. There may be some persons who object on the grounds that this means a waste of time and energy. Doubtless, they will in the future see its good points.

When once the traffic patrolman gives the signal for persons moving east and west to move on every vehicle bound North and South must stop. When he gives the sign to those on their way north and south every vehicle moving east and west must stop every person moving along between the lines is absolutely protected. If, though some disobedience of the law of a driver should persist on his way and a person is cut down between the lines, the party guilty of the violation will have practically no defense and will probably have to face a lawsuit for damages.

The city engineering department intends to place these lines throughout most of the traffic-congested districts. It is the only continuation of the policy of the city officials that “life is not cheap.”

The Useful Traffic Squad

It will surprise some to learn that the money required for the protection of people from injury resulted from the traffic reaches into the thousands and the thousands of dollars more will be expended. Even at that, the safeguards for the pedestrians will not be enough, and those who of studied the question believe that the time is coming when a special yearly appropriation will be made for this purpose.

Until a decade or so ago this city had practically no traffic squad. Indeed when the idea was first breached the proposal met with more or less derision, and those who were appointed to this special work were referred to as members of “the beauty squad.” Baltimoreans have ceased to laugh at that squad. They know the work its members have done in saving aged men and women and children from death in those streets were “big business” and unmindful pleasure hustled and bustle along apparently careless of the rights of others. There are in the city today 39 members of the traffic squad, including three mounted policemen. Of sergeants Barry, and Zimmerman, with deputy Marshal house as the directing head. These men are stationed at all of the principal traffic corners downtown or at what some call the “automobile death traps”. These “traps” are at North and Charles streets, St. Paul and Chase streets and St. Paul Street and Mount Royal Avenue.

These patrolmen work from 7 o’clock in the morning until 7 o’clock at night. One half of the squad works on Saturday night from seven to 11 o’clock. The officers are not kept on duty on Sundays, except the one man who was stationed at Charles Street and North Avenue. This assignment is taken in turn, which means that each member of the squad has to work approximately one Sunday in every 39.

Many Warning Signs

More policeman for this work is needed and needed badly, officials say, but as there is no money appropriated the next best step is taken. Signs have been printed warning automobiles and others what they must do in order to conform to the traffic laws. Signs are fixed at dangerous places where it is impossible, because of lack of numbers, to station a patrolman. The signs cost eight dollars apiece, but they last many years. The patrolman must be paid $20 a week. Therefore, the signs are much more economical, though perhaps not so powerful in the way of restraint as the policeman.

To further the “safety first” Crusade, the officials of the United railways have placed posters in the trolley cars requesting passengers not only to be careful while getting on or off the cars but also warning them of the need of being watchful while crossing or walking in the street.

The automobile club of Marilyn now keeps on the streets and automobile caring large signs on its side warning pedestrians of the necessity of watching out for automobiles and other vehicles. This is sent out the only through the city, the automobile thus constituting a running lesson of advice.

Moving – Picture Lessons

Deputy Marshal House, who is intensely interested in the “safety first” movement, is greatly pleased with the results that have followed one method of campaigning in this matter. There are 200 moving picture houses in Baltimore. In these houses at least once a week warnings tell of the dangers that are to be met within the city from moving vehicles. They urge the readers to “stop, look and listen” before attempting to cross a street. They tell children of the dangers of stealing rides on the back of wagons, cars, etc. And these lessons produce an impression.

The police are always on the lookout to detect those who violate the traffic laws. In stables all over town, the traffic rules are posted. Thousands of little pamphlets, published at the city’s expense, containing the traffic rules and the penalties for violating them have been issued to chauffeurs, automobile owners, and drivers.

In the case of minor violations of the law by drivers of wagons, the rule that is generally followed is to take the name of the driver, if it is his first defense and the name of his employer. The employer is then notified that his employee as disregarded the law and he is asked to advise his men not to repeat the offense. If the offense is committed again the violators arrested and fined.

To “Park” Vehicles

Deputy Marshal House is striving to get the owners of the various business houses and big office buildings interested in a new plan of his. He wants them to purchase signs, to be used in front of their buildings, telling automobile list and drivers to “park” their vehicles within certain lines to be marked off in front of the buildings. This is to keep the entrances to the buildings clear.

There is one good thing that the deputy marshal believes will result from such a plan, and that is the expediting of the collection of the males. Because of the congestion in front of mailboxes, the post office employees have often been delayed a minute or more a box in the taking up of such mail. This means lost time and inconvenience to the businessmen and others in getting their mail.

The popularity of roller-skating brought about by the increase of smooth payments has given a new problem for the police to solve. Regulations had to be made and enforced, giving the children the right to use certain streets at certain hours for their fun. Some of the too – fond skaters had to be protected against automobiles and vice versa automobile us had to be protected against heedless skaters.

May Restore the Whistles

In the downtown section the traffic police for a long time he used the whistle system in the directing of traffic. One blow of the whistle meant the movement of traffic North and South; two blasts met the movement of traffic East and West. This system was discontinued, traffic being direct it now by the waiving of the hand. Part of the present system, according to Deputy Marshal House, has proved unsatisfactory and he has brought before the board of police commissioners a proposal to bring back the whistles again. It is said that many drivers, especially Negroes, who sometimes drive along half asleep, fail to notice the wave of the officer’s hand, and much confusion has resulted. The sharp whistle keeps a man awake and alert and wakes up the sleeping or the stupid.

There are f new traffic problems arising every day as the city grows. It is a big thing, the protection of the people – a job well worth what it costs. Over in Northeast Baltimore and down in the crowded sections of East Baltimore, hundreds of people have been injured more or less seriously, and some have lost their lives because the streets were not better guarded. Especially is where need for the protection of children and elderly persons, and down there, where they have never had any officers to look after pedestrians and hold teams and motorcars in check, traffic police are needed.

It’s a big problem, one that Baltimore has handled pretty well, with its limited force, in the past few years, but it’s planning to manage by a better and more comprehensive system in the future.

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Downtown Traffic Policeman Howard and Lexington 1920
In This Pic, We See The Semaphore Booth with a Green and Red Railroad Lantern Affixed to The Top 
Just Under the Signs and Lanterns, We Can See The Officer's Umbrella, In This Case, Keeping Him Out of The Hot Sun

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Nice Committee Calls Three Traffic Experts

Three traffic experts will appear before Governor Nice's automobile insurance committee at a meeting to be held at 8 P. M. Tuesday at the Emerson Hotel. They are:

Dr. S. S. Stineberg, Dean of the College of Engineering of the University of Maryland, who is conducting the traffic school there. John P. Rostmeyer, director of the Baltimore Safety Council. Preston D. Callum, chairman of the Baltimore Traffic Committee. The committee was named by the Governor shortly after the first of the Year to make a study of Automobile Insurance in the State and to make Recommendations to him and the next General Assembly.

Members of the committee are:

George W. Baulk, a chairman, and W. Harry Haller, of Frederick, representing

The insurance companies. John T. Shipway, of Flintstone; Jos. Eph S. Bigelow, of Annapolis, and J. Francis Rahlke, of Westminster, representing businessmen. Max Sokol, secretary, and Robert R. Carmen, representing the legal profession. The last Legislature passed a resolution calling for the appointment of the committee.

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1929 traffic system
 Baltimore's New Traffic Engineer

KEITH WYATT

The Sun (1837-1987); Jun 20, 1937; pg. 78

Baltimore’s New Traffic Engineer

 Tomorrow Wallace L. Brown Starts Simplifying the Street Tangle

By Keith Wyatt

Tomorrow morning a new member of the Baltimore Police Department will walk into the police administration building and hang up his hat just long enough to orient himself and map his future course with his superiors and collaborators. Then, armed with the Lance of special training, he will go out to tilt with a formidable foe – Baltimore’s tangle traffic.

Nine months of intensive study with the nation’s best-known traffic experts have given Wallace L Perry of Braun, a former member of the engineering staff of the city’s Bureau of mechanical electrical service, with a degree of the traffic engineer. Sent to Harvard Bureau for street traffic’s research by the sun papers last fall, he has received instruction for men recognized as leaders in his young profession, which is filling a big gap between the civil engineering which builds streets and the police authority that enforces traffic laws on them.

Recently Mr. Braun came home for a few days holiday – a businessman’s holiday, during which most of his time was spent in cruising about the city, sizing up some of the problems he will be called upon to solve and planning some of the recommendations he will make to his superiors out of his store of knowledge.

He entertains no belief that Baltimore’s traffic snarls can be unraveled without some radical changes in the rules governing Streets parking and traffic at certain notoriously bad intersections, in true routes, in stop-go light controls and an accident investigation, and is naturally encouraged by the City Council’s recent steps towards cooperation with the police department.

But eager as he is to try his wings, the traffic engineer – to – appear to be imbued with a sense of caution that may stand him in good stead. Soberly he looks ahead at his new job and as to specific details Admits: “I don’t know just how I shall operate. So much depends on the full cooperation not only the entire police department but other city departments and civic organizations as well. It will take some months to develop a working plan whereby the city can begin to show a profit on the talents that have been given me.”

Nevertheless, Mr. Braun is not wholly lacking in the program. Subject to the approval of his superiors, his first efforts will be toward the organization and the establishment of a liaison between all groups primarily interested in the safe and expeditious movement of traffic. Beyond that, he hopes to apply much of his knowledge to the many conditions that govern traffic behavior. Already holding a degree in electrical engineering (bachelor of engineering, Johns Hopkins, 1926), he has added a full understanding of traffic signals and other control mechanisms. Grounded, too, in civil engineering, he now has gained a wider knowledge of the effects of Street plan, condition and arrangement on traffic movement. In addition to these things, he has assimilated a store of miscellaneous information, mostly hard bought by other cities that have made credible records in their attacks on the traffic problem.

“I would like to dispel any notion that I am coming in here to “run” traffic,” the engineer said, “I have just hired the help of a special sort. The traffic division knows more than I will ever know about the enforcement of traffic laws; the public works department was building streets before I was born. But I have learned a lot about those things that influence the rapid and safe movement of traffic, and I believe I have a lot that both of these departments can use.”

One of Mr. Braun’s earliest endeavors will be to organize an adversary committee composed of both official and civic representatives. He reports that cities that have made some of the best records in traffic have had such boards to advise with the traffic engineer. As he visualizes it, the committee would be made up of a high emissaries of the police, public works and educational departments, ex officio, and of representatives of the Safety Council, automobile clubs, mass transportation systems, taxi and trucking interests, retail merchants Association, and Baltimore Association of Commerce, Commission on city planning, the city solicitor’s office and the real estate board.

“Such a committee would represent the views and experience of every classification of traffic,” the engineer said, “form of four I have watched the progress of the mayor's traffic committee in drafting a program of segregation of rail and freewheel movement.

The committee, headed by Preston D. Callum, of the Safety Council, has served to show what can be accomplished when a big, interested group seeks, and fines, a common line on which to proceed toward worthwhile ends.

“I hear with regret that the Callum committee has asked that it be disbanded. I would like to work with that group, but if it does break up I sure hope that another may be formed on the same sound lines”

A special interest to Mr. Braun is the committee’s study of the “hundred worst intersections” in the city, made some time ago with relief labor. While no specific recommendations were made for correction of dangers at these intersections, the data, Mr. Brown believes, will form the basis for some remedial action, if cross-section studies can be made to bring them up to date.

The engineer hopes that he may embark at once on a broad survey of the city’s traffic and the problems associated with it. From this reconnaissance he believes he can set his own course, looking for sound recommendations for improvement. It is necessary, too, he says, to determine what can be done within the resources of the department, reported being scanty in comparison with cities of similar size.

Mr. Braun is cautious on the timing of traffic signals and their lack of coordination that causes many snarls during busy hours in the city. He points out that the “mixed traffic” of streetcars and freewheel vehicles on every street in the business section makes coordination practically impossible in some places – a condition that will be rectified to some extent as the Streetcar real routing plan of the mayor's traffic committee goes forward.

Under this plan, most of the rail movement will be confined to certain “streetcar streets,” leaving other arteries entirely to freewheel vehicles.

Asked what he would do with so-called “wave systems” one St. Paul Cathedral streets, Mr. Braun said he has had no opportunity to familiarize himself with the mechanism and, therefore, cannot now judge to what further extent it may be adapted to the changing needs of traffic.

“In many cities, the timers are changes so that longer portions of the cycle are devoted to the heaviest traffic at Rush speak,” he explained, “I am in no position yet to say what can be done here. The police have had a difficult problem, and to meet it good equipment is needed. I do not know, of course, was of the city has such equipment.”

What did Mr. Braun sink of new bypasses for through traffic? He shook his head. “I can’t discuss that with you,” he said. “Adequate bypasses to relieve the busier sections of a load of transient traffic are important to any city. I was much interested in reading of the studies of the mayor's committee which, while it has advanced no specific recommendations, at least outlined several possible routes that might be developed, New York, Philadelphia, Chicago and province all have exceptionally fine bypasses that are well worth study. Perhaps such routes can be found here; I don’t know.” Well, what about limited ways – those express routes with no cross traffic? The engineer shrugged his shoulders. “Best way in the world to cut congestion and move traffic rapidly out of the business section, but they are expensive,” he declared. “Some cities say they cannot afford them; others that they cannot, in the light of their traffic problem, afford to be without them. For my present distance, I do not see any signs of an aroused public opinion that would bring them to Baltimore. As a matter of fact, I have had no opportunity to even find out whether the city needs them yet, or whether other expedients might do for the time.”

Parking, then? And Mr. Braun any ideas on how to solve this pressing problem of Baltimore’s narrow streets? Again he was wary. “I have no right to talk about that,” he explained. “No city has “solved” is parking problems yet. Speaking generally, traffic engineers look to the day when street parking of automobiles can be abolished; when all Street space can be used for its original purpose – to move traffic. They are convinced that it is poor economy to use expensive paved surfaces for dead storage when other space can be found and that is cheaper, allowing cities, in effect, to broaden their streets by two full lanes. Someday we may come to it, but just now I cannot speak with any authority on Baltimore’s parking problem.”

Mr. Braun conceives the first need of any traffic engineer to be a “good set of traffic eyes” – that is, an efficient set of records. Particularly does he deem accident reporting a necessity in any intelligent approach to street and highway safety?

“If you know where accidents are happening, you can find out what to do about them,” he remarked. “Whether it be an enforcement job, a matter of lighting, the need for signals or signs to be removed or physical hazards, they also up in records properly capped.”

He believes, also, as do most other engineers of his calling, that every city and state should have a special investigation of traffic accidents, just as they have special investigations of other violations of the public safety. He is convinced of that accident investigation squads take the guesswork out of safety efforts, bring law violators to justice and gardeners and people from injustices often sustained to half hazards dealing with accident cases. The moral of fact on the public is good, he thinks, and, besides, such procedures improve records so greatly that the whole problem may be attacked more intelligently.

Before the Baltimore engineer’s eyes are ever the “Three E’s” of traffic movement, control, and safety – Education, Engineering and Enforcement – set up by the traffic engineering fraternity as its guideline. Each is a separate and distinct function, he says, but all three must be correlated to assure a proper approach to safe, sane and rapid traffic.

Mr. Braun was born in Hyattsville 33 years ago and came to Baltimore with his family when he was six. He was educated in the Baltimore public schools, the Baltimore Polytechnic Institute at Johns Hopkins University. After his graduation at Johns Hopkins in 1926 he joined the technical staff of the Consolidated Gas, Electric Light, and Power Company, being assigned to steam stations. In 1929 he resigned to take a position in a Bureau of mechanical electrical service of the city department of public works. He served an adversary and executive capacity on electrical and combustion engine projects of the city until shortly before he was sent to Harvard Bureau.

Last summer, recognizing the need of the city for a highly specialized engineer to handle traffic problems the Sun paper offered to provide a man of police Commissioner Gaither’s choice with a year’s scholarship to the Harvard Bureau for street traffic research. Commissioner Gaither, believed that, because of high educational requirements in the Harvard graduate school, the candidate should be selected from the engineering, rather than the police, staff of the city, conferred with Mayor Jackson and the chief engineer Bernard L. Crozier as the man best suited by former training to undertake the work, the Commissioner Gaither prepared to make room for him in his own department when he should have qualified as a traffic engineer.

With the expiration of general Gaither’s third term of office two weeks ago Commissioner William P. Lawson succeeded. One of his first pledges was of special attention to the city’s traffic needs, which he recognized as large and numerous and urgent. After discussing the project with inspector Atkinson, head of the traffic force, he expressed a lively interest in the coming of Mr. Braun, and confidence that the combination of theory and practice within the Police Department would lead to the great betterment of the city’s traffic conditions in the near future.

Mr. Braun’s final dissertation at Harvard, completed just before the finishing of his euro special training, it is interesting to note, was on “organization of municipal traffic engineering offices.” During the course of his studies, he was given, in addition to a wealth of theoretical training, actual engineering work in the field. He observed, during his studies, traffic engineering technique of cities with best records of traffic deficiency; he with his fellow students, made actual traffic studies in and around Cambridge and Boston, and he accompanied accident investigation squads in the unraveling of cases, aiding in his work himself.

He has studied the traffic engineering methods of Washington, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Chicago, Milwaukee and Buffalo at first hand. He feels now that his training, under Dr. Miller McClintock, probably the best-known of America’s traffic engineers, and other specialists of the fraternity, has fitted him to undertake his duties here in Baltimore.

Foot Traffic Division, in front of the Headquarters building
October 24, 1940
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umbrellalight1

Urges Standard Traffic Signals

27 November 1927

Police Commissioner Suggests a System for use in All Cities

Would aid walkers

Gaither favors yellow

At crossings for those on foot

Adoption of a standardized system for automatic traffic control was suggested yesterday by Charles D Gaither, Police Commissioner, in discussing the variation of timing and manner of operation of signals and other cities of the country to regulate the movement of traffic.

“If this plan were adopted, the motorist would soon catch on to the scheme and would get the fullest advantage of driving by the signal,” he said. “They would become so well acquainted with it that when they drove into another city, they would not hold up traffic, as they tend to do now when forced to stop to puzzle over the meaning of the lights.”

Suggest national movement

To bring about the standardization plan, Mr. gator suggests that automobile or traffic associations be formed in all cities and that the groups be represented at a national meeting. New ideas about traffic lights could be exchanged at such meetings, and remedies for defects and signal systems in different cities could be suggested, he pointed out.

“Not that one specified plan should be carried out in every minute detail, but the general principle of a certain plan,” Mr. Gaither explained. “By this, I mean the color of the lights, the timing and the construction of the signals and the way in which it is mounted.”

Disapproves New York plan

Mr. Geiser said he did not believe; there was a city in the United States that was satisfied with the way it signals were operating.

The two light signal in use in New York is not approved by Mr. Gaither. He said he had found that motorists and pedestrians become confused where there is no interval light in the signal.

The New York signals have only the red and green lights, with a five-second interval for traffic to clear up between flashes

Mr. Gaither expressed the hope that a yellow light meaning “go” for pedestrians would be established in Baltimore. He said that as far as he could see, that would be the only possible way to make the crossing at intersections safe for pedestrians.

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Kiosk South Lombard 1

 Photo courtesy Raymond K. Miles Jr.

Kiosk located at South St. and Lombard St. where the old News American Co. was located.

The traffic control device was decommissioned in 1951 when Patrolman Raymond Miles retired.

Ray Miles 6

Photo courtesy Raymond K. Miles Jr.

Patrolman Raymond K. Miles worked in the Traffic Unit for 16 years
Lombard South Sts. 1
Photo courtesy Raymond K. Miles Jr.

 Kiosk located at South St. and Lombard St. where the old News American Co. was located. Note the old Baltimore Streetcar which was headed to City Hall in a snowstorm. This Kiosk was worked for many years by Patrolman Raymond K. Miles.

1950trafficarticles

SEMAPHORES

sem·a·phore [sémm? fàwr] n 1. system of signaling: a system for sending messages using hand-held flags that are moved to represent letters of the alphabet 2. mechanical signaling device: a signaling device for sending information over distances using mechanically operated arms or flags mounted on a post, especially on a railroad Encarta ® World English Dictionary © & (P) 1998-2004 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

City Traffic Kiosk 8 29 1951

Photo courtesy Raymond K. Miles Jr.

 Officer Raymond K. Miles, Sr. worked his post directing traffic from the Kiosk at South and Lombard Sts. The hot muggy Baltimore dog days of summer trying to keep cool proved to be a problem. Patrolman Miles soon learned a way to keep cool. He discovered that taking the leaf from a head of cabbage that had been soaked in ice water, placing it on top of his head and covering it with his hat., Patrolman Miles remained "Kool as a cabbage". This is only one of the many things that Baltimore Policemen soon learned to make their working conditions more bearable.

BALTIMORE GLIMPSES 6 18 1985

Photo courtesy Raymond K. Miles Jr.
ScanA13

Actuated Traffic Control Box


Ray Miles plaque

   Memorial plaque to Officer Raymond K. Miles, Sr. showing all of his original police equipment, which is kept by his son, Raymond Miles, Jr. as a reminder of his dad's service to the City Of Baltimore and The Baltimore Police Department.


1928 - February 22, 1928, The first vehicle actuated control was tried out in Baltimore. (To the best of our knowledge this was the first vehicle actuated signal insulation in the world.) - This was an automatic control were a brake attachment and two funnels placed on poles on the right-hand side of the cross street, ordinary telephone transmitters being installed inside the funnels. These transmitters being connected to the sound relay, which when disturbed by noise, for example, the tooting of horns, blowing of whistles, or the sound of voices would actuate the sound relay, releasing the break on the automatic control permitting the motor to run. This would change the signal which had been green on the main street to amber, then to read, permitting the side street traffic to move out on the green. It would automatically reset to red. This device was invented here in Baltimore. - This control would always restore itself back to the main street green, then the break would set and the signal would remain green on the main street until disturbed again by sound. Several of this type were installed, one being at Charles Street and Cold Spring Lane, another at Charles and Belvedere Avenue 

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POLICE INFORMATION

Copies of: Your Baltimore Police Department Class Photo, Pictures of our Officers, Vehicles, Equipment, Newspaper Articles relating to our department and or officers, Old Departmental Newsletters, Lookouts, Wanted Posters, and or Brochures. Information on Deceased Officers and anything that may help Preserve the History and Proud Traditions of this agency. Please contact Retired Detective Kenny Driscoll. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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How to Dispose of Old Police Items

  If you come into possession of Police items from an Estate or Death of a Police Officer Family Member and do not know how to properly dispose of these items please contact: Retired Detective Ken Driscoll - Please dispose of POLICE Items: Badges, Guns, Uniforms, Documents, PROPERLY so they won’t be used IMPROPERLY. 

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David Eastman

Thursday, 30 January 2020 10:59 Written by

David Eastman

1970s mounted unitDavid Eastman
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1526574 1092603467422973 103934876 n David Eastman
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David Eastman

1526574 1092603467422973 103934876 nL to R - Patty Driscoll, Kenny Driscoll, David Eastman, and in the background Angie Halcomb
1526574 1092603467422973 103934876 n
David Eastman 1526574 1092603467422973 103934876 n David Eastman
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1526574 1092603467422973 103934876 n 29 Nov 1991

1526574 1092603467422973 103934876 n David Eastman
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Preakness 1978  Dave Eastman on his Horse "Mack"

1526574 1092603467422973 103934876 nHandsome, Tough Guy Face

1526574 1092603467422973 103934876 n Officer Norman Stamp and David Eastman at the 1976 Civic Center Car show

1526574 1092603467422973 103934876 nLooking at a drag racer outfitted like a police car they called it "Kop Kar" 

de 16Bob Petza and Dave Eastman

de 18

Jerry DeManss, Leonard O'Conner, and Dave Eastman

THREE BADASS POLICE OUT OF THE bpd

 24 Feb 1992  

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Anyone with information, photographs, memorabilia, or other "Baltimore City Police" items can contact Ret. Det. Kenny Driscoll at  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. follow us on Twitter @BaltoPoliceHist or like us on Facebook or mail pics to 8138 Dundalk Ave. Baltimore Md. 21222


 Copyright © 2002 Baltimore City Police History - Ret Det Kenny Driscoll

 

 
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POLICE INFORMATION

Copies of: Your Baltimore Police Department Class Photo, Pictures of our Officers, Vehicles, Equipment, Newspaper Articles relating to our department and or officers, Old Departmental Newsletters, Lookouts, Wanted Posters, and or Brochures. Information on Deceased Officers and anything that may help Preserve the History and Proud Traditions of this agency. Please contact Retired Detective Kenny Driscoll.

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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How to Dispose of Old Police Items

Please contact Det. Ret. Kenny Driscoll if you have any pictures of you or your family members and wish them remembered here on this tribute site to Honor the fine men and women who have served with Honor and Distinction at the Baltimore Police Department.

Anyone with information, photographs, memorabilia, or other "Baltimore City Police" items can contact Ret. Det. Kenny Driscoll at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. follow us on Twitter @BaltoPoliceHist or like us on Facebook or mail pics to 8138 Dundalk Ave. Baltimore Md. 21222

 

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Commissioners

Sunday, 26 January 2020 04:07 Written by

Baltimore City Police Commissioners

1850-1861 (Mayor member Ex-officio)
Charles Howard
William H Gatchell
Charles d Hinks
John W Davis
June 22 1861 March 29 1862 (Under control if the United States Military authorities)
Police Commissioners Apointed by the Military authorities
Columbus O'Donnell
Archibald Sterling Jr.Thomas Kelso
John R Kelso
John W Randolph
Peter Sauerwein
John B Seidenstricker 
Joseph Roberts
Michael Warner
March 29 1862 to Nov 15 1866 (Mayor member Ex-officio)
Samuel Hindes
Nicholas L Wood
Nov 15 1866 to March 1867 (Mayor member Ex-officio)
William T Valiant
James Young
March 1867
Lefevre Jarrett
James E Carr
William H B Fusselbaugh
March 14 1870
John W Davis
James E Carr
William H B Fusselbaugh
March 15 1871
William H B Fusselbaugh
James E Carr
Thomas W Morse
March 15 1875
William H B Fusselbaugh
Harry Gilmor
John Milroy
March 15 1877
William H B Fusselbaugh
Harry Gilmor
James R Herbert
April 12 1878
William H B Fusselbaugh
James R Herbert
John Milroy
March 15 1881
George Colton
James R Herbert
John Milroy
March 15 1883
George Colton
James R Herbert
John Milroy
Aug 5 1884
George Colton
John Milroy
J D Ferguson
Feb 25 1886
George Colton
John Q A Robson
John Milroy
Jun 25 1886
George Colton
John Q A Robson
Alfred J Carr
March 15 1887
Edson M Schryver
Alfred J Carr
John Q A  Robson
Jan 23 1888
Edson M Schryver
John Gill Jr
John Q A Robson
Dec 1 1894
Edson M Schryver
John Gill Jr
John C Legg
March 27 1896
Daniel C Heddinger
John Gill Jr
Edson M Schryver
March 15 1897
Daniel C Heddinger
William W Johnson
Edson M Schryver
May 7 1900
George M Upsher
Edward H Fowler
John T Morris
March 23 1904
George M Upsher
John T Morris
Thomas J Shryock
May 2 1904
George R Willis
James H Preston
Thomas J Shryock
May 4 1908
Sherlock Swann
John B A Wheltle
Peter E Tome
May 2 1910
John B A Wheltle
Peter E Tome
C Baker Clotworthy
April 4 1912
John B A Wheltle
Peter E Tome
Morris A Soper
May 6 1912
Morris A Soper
Daniel C Ammidon
Alfred S Niles
Dec 31 1913
James McEvoy
Daniel C Ammidon
Alfred S Niles
Dec 28 1914
Daniel C Ammidon
Clarendon I T Gould
Alfred S Niles
March 22 1916
Lawrason Riggs
Daniel C Ammidon
Alfred S Niles
May 1 1916
Lawrason Riggs
Edward F Burke
Daniel C Ammidon

 Baltimore City Police Commissioners 

  • Charles Howard, 1850-1861 
  • Nicholas L.Wood, 1862-1864 
  • Samuel Hindes, 1864-1866
  • James Young, 1866-1867
  • LeFevre Jarrett, 1867-1870
  • John W. Davis, 1870-1871
  • William H.B. Fusselbaugh, 1871-1881
  • George Colton, 1881-1887
  • Edson M. Schryver, 1887-1897
  • Daniel C. Heddinger, 1897-1900
  • George M. Upsher, 1900-1904
  • James H. Preston, 1904-1908 (Gov. Warfield made him a member of the Board of Police Commissioners for Baltimore City, 1904-08)
  • George R. Willis, 1904-1908
  • Sherlock Swann, 1908-1910
  • John B.A. Wheltle, 1910-1912
  • Morris A. Soper, 1912-1913
  • James McEvoy, 1913-1914
  • Daniel C. Ammidon, 1914-1916
  • Lawrason Riggs, 1916-1920
  • Charles D. Gaither, 1920-1937
  • William Lawson, 1937-1938
  • Robert F. Stanton, 1938-1943
  • Hamilton R. Atkinson, 1943-1949
  • Beverly Ober, 1949-1955
  • James M. Hepbron, 1955-1961
  • Bernard Schmidt, 1961-1966
  • Donald Pomerleau, 1966-1981
  • Frank Battaglia, 1981-1984
  • Bishop Robinson, 1984-1987
  • Edward J. Tilghman, 1987-1989
  • Edward V. Woods, 1989-1993
  • Thomas C. Frazier, 1994-1999
  • Ronald L.Daniel, 2000
  • Edward Norris, 2000-2002
  • Kevin Clark, 2003-2004
  • Leonard Hamm, 2004-2007
  • Frederick Bealefeld III, 2007-2012
  • Anthony W. Batts 2012 - 2015
  • Kevin Davis 2015 - 2018
  • Darryl D. DeSousa 2018
  • Gary Tuggle 2018 - 2019
  • Michael Harrison 2019 – Present
commissioner john quincy adams robson

The Honorable John Quincy Adams Robson

1840
HOWARD
Charles Howard
1850-1861
Hindes
Samuel Hindes
1864-1899
YOUNG
James Young
1866-1867
JARRETT
Le fevre Jarrett
1867-1870
DAVIS.jpg.w560h630
John W. Davis
1870-1871
Maj  Harry Gilmore C S A - NARA - 529239
Harry W. Gilmor
1874 to 1879
COLTON

Gaither
Charles D. Gaither
1920-1937
   
Lawson
William Lawson
1937-1938
  14416 stanton sup bench
Robert F. Stanton
1938-1943 
Hamilton
Hamilton R. Atkinson
1943-1949
Ober
Beverly Ober
1949-1955

Hepbron

James M. Hepbron
1955 - 1961
Schmidt
Interim  Bernard Schmidt
1961-1966

Gelston
Maj, Gen, George M. Gelston
22 January, 1966 - 22 September, 1966
Pomerleau
Donald D. Pomerleau
1966-1981
Pomerleau2
Donald D. Pomerleau swearing-in for his 3rd. term.
June 14, 1978

Donald Pomerleau

Donald D. Pomerleau (August 31, 1915 – January 19, 1992) was the City Police Commissioner of Baltimore, Maryland from 1966 to 1981.

Commissioner Frank Bataglia
COURTESY OFFICER JOE WICZULIS
Frank J. Battaglia
1981-1984
Robinson Tilghman
Bishop L. Robinson (left)
1984-1987
Edward J. Tilghman (right)
1987-1989
Woods
Edward W. Woods
1989-1993
Frazier1
Thomas C. Frazier
1994-1999
 
Norris1
Edward T. Norris
2000-2002
Clark1
Kevin P. Clark
2003-2004
Hamm
Leonard D. Hamm
2004-2007
Bealefeld III
Frederick H. Bealefeld III
2007-2012

Batts
Anthony W. Batts
2012 - 8 July 2015
Davis

Interim Commissioner Kevin Davis
8 July 2015 - 19 Oct 2015
Commissioner Kevin Davis
19 Oct 2015 - 19 Jan 2018

21. Darryl De Sousa
Darryl D. DeSousa
January 2018 – May 2018
 

Gary Tuggle
May 2018 - March 2019

bpd pc michael s harrison
Michael Harrison
March 2019 – present

1 black devider 800 8 72

farnan Tom
Grand Master of Baltimore Cops
Marshal "Tom" Farnan

10 October 1909


Devider color with motto
 
Please contact Det. Ret. Kenny Driscoll if you have any pictures of you or your family members and wish them remembered here on this tribute site to Honor the fine men and women who have served with Honor and Distinction at the Baltimore Police Department.

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